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South East Queensland

Religion

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This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for all areas. What's this?

In South East Queensland, the number of non religious persons experienced the greatest change (+339,466) compared to Christians and non Christians in 2016.

South East Queensland's religion statistics provide an indicator of cultural identity and ethnicity when observed in conjunction with other key variables. Religion data reveal the major concentrations of religions as well as revealing the proportion of people with no religious affiliation. There are a number of reasons for different religious compositions across areas including the country of birth and ethnic background of the population, the age of the population (belief in religion is generally stronger, the older the population) and changes in values and belief systems.

South East Queensland's religion statistics should be analysed in conjunction with other ethnicity statistics such as Country of Birth data and Language Spoken data to assist in identifying specific cultural and ethnic groups.

Please note: Due to changes in ABS rules around perturbation and additivity of data to protect the confidentiality of individuals in 2016, counts of individual religion groups and totals derived from them may differ slightly from those published by the ABS. For more information see notes on data confidentiality.

Derived from the Census question:

'What is the person's religion?'

Total population

Religion - Ranked by size
South East Queensland - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
ReligionNumber%Australia %Number%Australia %2011 to 2016
Western (Roman) Catholic671,15220.922.3679,75423.525.1-8,602
Anglican456,17914.213.3525,96718.117.1-69,788
Uniting Church144,7184.53.7170,0385.95.0-25,320
Christian,nfd99,5683.12.684,3532.92.2+15,215
Presbyterian and Reformed87,4042.72.396,8113.32.8-9,407
Baptist64,0592.01.563,3262.21.6+733
Buddhism57,8971.82.454,6821.92.5+3,215
Pentecostal49,5231.51.144,1501.51.1+5,373
Islam39,2041.22.629,8001.02.2+9,404
Hinduism38,8931.21.924,5670.81.3+14,326
Lutheran33,6411.00.748,0551.71.2-14,414
Greek Orthodox19,9270.61.620,3090.71.8-382
Latter Day Saints (Mormons)17,1130.50.315,9460.60.3+1,167
Other Protestant16,3940.50.58,2550.30.3+8,139
Jehova's Witnesses15,8500.50.416,1020.60.4-252
Sikhism14,3910.40.58,0140.30.3+6,377
Seventh Day Adventist11,0830.30.310,8610.40.3+222
Salvation Army7,3780.20.28,7270.30.3-1,349
Other Christian5,8560.20.16,3850.20.1-529
Churches of Christ4,9400.20.25,7280.20.2-788
Judaism3,7350.10.43,9070.10.5-172
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Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Excludes religions with fewer than 20 adherents, or less than 0.1% of the total population.

Religion - Summary
South East Queensland - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
Religion totalsNumber%Australia %Number%Australia %2011 to 2016
Christian total1,721,00353.752.11,821,12762.861.1-100,124
Non Christian total166,8075.28.2133,9754.67.2+32,832
Non-classifiable religious belief23,0030.70.625,0220.90.8-2,019
No religion1,009,07631.529.9669,61023.122.3+339,466
Not stated286,1808.99.1248,2118.68.6+37,969

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Religion, 2016
Religion, 2016 Western (Roman) Catholic, Australia: 22.3% Anglican, Australia: 13.3% Uniting Church, Australia: 3.7% Christian,nfd, Australia: 2.6% Presbyterian and Reformed, Australia: 2.3% Baptist, Australia: 1.5% Buddhism, Australia: 2.4% Pentecostal, Australia: 1.1% Islam, Australia: 2.6% Hinduism, Australia: 1.9% Western (Roman) Catholic, South East Queensland: 20.9% Anglican, South East Queensland: 14.2% Uniting Church, South East Queensland: 4.5% Christian,nfd, South East Queensland: 3.1% Presbyterian and Reformed, South East Queensland: 2.7% Baptist, South East Queensland: 2.0% Buddhism, South East Queensland: 1.8% Pentecostal, South East Queensland: 1.5% Islam, South East Queensland: 1.2% Hinduism, South East Queensland: 1.2%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in religion, 2011 to 2016
Change in religion, 2011 to 2016 Western (Roman) Catholic, South East Queensland: -8,602 Anglican, South East Queensland: -69,788 Uniting Church, South East Queensland: -25,320 Christian,nfd, South East Queensland: +15,215 Presbyterian and Reformed, South East Queensland: -9,407 Baptist, South East Queensland: +733 Buddhism, South East Queensland: +3,215 Pentecostal, South East Queensland: +5,373 Islam, South East Queensland: +9,404 Hinduism, South East Queensland: +14,326
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the religious affiliation of the population of South East Queensland in 2016 compared to Australia shows that there was a lower proportion of people who professed a religion and a higher proportion who stated they had no religion.

Overall, 58.9% of the population nominated a religion, and 31.5% said they had no religion, compared with 60.4% and 29.9% respectively for Australia.

The largest single religion in South East Queensland was Western (Roman) Catholic, with 20.9% of the population or 671,152 people as adherents.

The major differences between the religious affiliation for the population of South East Queensland and Australia were:

  • A smaller percentage who nominated Western (Roman) Catholic (20.9% compared to 22.3%)
  • A smaller percentage who nominated Islam (1.2% compared to 2.6%)

Emerging groups

The largest changes in the religious affiliation of the population in South East Queensland between 2011 and 2016 were for those who nominated:

  • Anglican (-69,788 persons)
  • Uniting Church (-25,320 persons)
  • Christian,nfd (+15,215 persons)
  • Lutheran (-14,414 persons)
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