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This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for the LGA or other primary area only. What's this?

In Australia, 26.9% of the dwellings were medium or high density, compared to 33% in Greater Capital Cities.

Dwelling Type is an important determinant of Australia's residential role and function. A greater concentration of higher density dwellings is likely to attract more young adults and smaller households, often renting. Larger, detached or separate dwellings are more likely to attract families and prospective families. The residential built form often reflects market opportunities or planning policy, such as building denser forms of housing around public transport nodes or employment centres.

Dwelling Type statistics should be viewed in conjunction with Household Size, Household Types, Housing Tenure and Age Structure for a more complete picture of the housing market in Australia.

Derived from the Census:

'Dwelling Structure is derived from the ABS address register supplemented with information from Census Field Officers.'

Dwellings

Dwelling structure
Australia - Dwellings (Enumerated)20162011Change
Dwelling typeNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2011 to 2016
Separate house7,042,75971.166.06,731,41073.869.6+311,349
Medium density1,769,16117.920.51,550,12617.019.3+219,035
High density898,3719.112.6689,1907.610.4+209,181
Caravans, cabin, houseboat115,6131.20.498,8681.10.3+16,745
Other28,5610.30.335,6390.40.3-7,078
Not stated47,0310.50.310,9090.10.1+36,122

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Dwelling type
Australia20162011Change
Dwelling typeNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2011 to 2016
Occupied private dwellings8,861,61989.391.48,181,75189.592.0+679,868
Unoccupied private dwellings1,039,87210.58.5934,38810.27.9+105,484
Non private dwellings23,1700.20.122,7830.20.1+387

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Dwelling structure, 2016
Dwelling structure, 2016 Other, Greater Capital Cities: 0.3% Caravans, cabin, houseboat, Greater Capital Cities: 0.4% High density, Greater Capital Cities: 12.6% Medium density, Greater Capital Cities: 20.5% Separate house, Greater Capital Cities: 66.0% Other, Australia: 0.3% Caravans, cabin, houseboat, Australia: 1.2% High density, Australia: 9.1% Medium density, Australia: 17.9% Separate house, Australia: 71.1%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in dwelling structure, 2011 to 2016
Change in dwelling structure, 2011 to 2016 Other, Australia: -7,078 Caravans, cabin, houseboat, Australia: +16,745 High density, Australia: +209,181 Medium density, Australia: +219,035 Separate house, Australia: +311,349
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

In 2016, there were 7,042,759 separate houses in the area, 1,769,161 medium density dwellings, and 898,371 high density dwellings. In addition, there were 115,613 caravans/cabins/houseboats in the area.

Analysis of the types of dwellings in Australia in 2016 shows that 71.1% of all dwellings were separate houses; 17.9% were medium density dwellings, and 9.1% were in high density dwellings, compared with 66.0%, 20.5%, and 12.6% in the Greater Capital Cities respectively.

In 2016, a total of 89.3% of the dwellings in Australia were occupied on Census night, compared to 91.4% in Greater Capital Cities. The proportion of unoccupied dwellings was 10.5%, which is larger compared to that found in Greater Capital Cities (8.5%).

Emerging groups

The total number of dwellings in Australia increased by 785,734 between 2011 and 2016.

The largest changes in the type of dwellings found in Australia between 2011 and 2016 were:

  • Separate house (+311,349 dwellings)
  • Medium density (+219,035 dwellings)
  • High density (+209,181 dwellings)
  • Caravans, cabin, houseboat (+16,745 dwellings)
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