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In Australia, 24.6% of the dwellings were medium or high density, compared to 30% in Greater Capital Cities.

Dwelling Type is an important determinant of Australia's residential role and function. A greater concentration of higher density dwellings is likely to attract more young adults and smaller households, often renting. Larger, detached or separate dwellings are more likely to attract families and prospective families. The residential built form often reflects market opportunities or planning policy, such as building denser forms of housing around public transport nodes or employment centres.

Dwelling Type statistics should be viewed in conjunction with Household Size, Household Types, Housing Tenure and Age Structure for a more complete picture of the housing market in Australia.

Derived from the Census:

'Dwelling Type is derived from an assessment by the Census Collector who observes and records the type of dwelling structure.'

Dwellings

Dwelling structure
Australia - Dwellings (Enumerated)20112006Change
Dwelling typeNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2006 to 2011
Separate house6,731,41073.869.66,262,68674.370.5+468,724
Medium density1,550,12617.019.31,418,57716.819.1+131,549
High density689,1907.610.4600,9757.19.7+88,215
Caravans, cabin, houseboat98,8681.10.399,7841.20.4-916
Other35,6390.40.339,1580.50.3-3,519
Not stated10,9090.10.15,3490.10.1+5,560

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Dwelling type
Australia20112006Change
Dwelling typeNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2006 to 2011
Occupied private dwellings8,181,75189.592.07,596,18189.992.3+585,570
Unoccupied private dwellings934,38810.27.9830,3799.87.6+104,009
Non private dwellings22,7830.20.119,8230.20.1+2,960

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Dwelling structure, 2011
Dwelling structure, 2011 Other, Greater Capital Cities: 0.3% Caravans, cabin, houseboat, Greater Capital Cities: 0.3% High density, Greater Capital Cities: 10.4% Medium density, Greater Capital Cities: 19.3% Separate house, Greater Capital Cities: 69.6% Other, Australia: 0.4% Caravans, cabin, houseboat, Australia: 1.1% High density, Australia: 7.6% Medium density, Australia: 17.0% Separate house, Australia: 73.8%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in dwelling structure, 2006 to 2011
Change in dwelling structure, 2006 to 2011 Other, Australia: -3,519 Caravans, cabin, houseboat, Australia: -916 High density, Australia: +88,215 Medium density, Australia: +131,549 Separate house, Australia: +468,724
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

In 2011, there were 6,731,410 separate houses in the area, 1,550,126 medium density dwellings, and 689,190 high density dwellings. In addition, there were 98,868 caravans/cabins/houseboats in the area.

Analysis of the types of dwellings in Australia in 2011 shows that 73.8% of all dwellings were separate houses; 17.0% were medium density dwellings, and 7.6% were in high density dwellings, compared with 69.6%, 19.3%, and 10.4% in the Greater Capital Cities respectively.

In 2011, a total of 89.5% of the dwellings in Australia were occupied on Census night, compared to 92.0% in Greater Capital Cities. The proportion of unoccupied dwellings was 10.2%, which is larger compared to that found in Greater Capital Cities (7.9%).

Emerging groups

The total number of dwellings in Australia increased by 692,727 between 2006 and 2011.

The largest changes in the type of dwellings found in Australia between 2006 and 2011 were:

  • Separate house (+468,724 dwellings)
  • Medium density (+131,549 dwellings)
  • High density (+88,215 dwellings)
  • Other (-3,519 dwellings)
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