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Australia

Method of travel to work

In Australia 480,780 people rode their bike or walked to work in 2011.

Australia's commuting statistics reveal the main modes of transport by which residents get to work. There are a number of reasons why people use different modes of transport to get to work including the availability of affordable and effective public transport options, the number of motor vehicles available within a household, and the distance travelled to work.

Commuting data is very useful in transport planning as it informs decision-makers about the availability, effectiveness and utilisation of local transport options, particularly when analysed with Residents Place of Work data and Car Ownership.

Derived from the Census question:

'How did the person get to work on Tuesday, 9 August 2011?'

Employed persons (aged 15 years and over)

Method of travel to work
Australia - Employed persons (Enumerated)20112006Change
Main method of travelNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2006 to 2011
Train632,3416.39.3486,8375.38.0+145,504
Bus347,4723.54.3284,3273.14.0+63,145
Tram or Ferry57,3410.60.945,7760.50.8+11,565
Taxi22,0650.20.221,9730.20.3+92
Car - as driver6,059,26560.358.75,404,03459.458.7+655,231
Car - as passenger537,4765.34.9533,3235.95.4+4,153
Truck104,7321.00.9120,4041.31.2-15,672
Motorbike64,2970.60.660,7710.70.6+3,526
Bicycle103,8901.01.190,1181.00.9+13,772
Walked only376,8903.73.2367,1684.03.3+9,722
Other132,3951.31.1103,7781.11.0+28,617
Worked at home443,9094.43.8426,5234.73.8+17,386
Did not go to work1,024,78410.29.6995,17010.910.4+29,614
Not stated149,8931.51.4163,9851.81.8-14,092

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Method of travel to work, 2011
Method of travel to work, 2011 Train, Greater Capital Cities: 9.3% Bus, Greater Capital Cities: 4.3% Tram or Ferry, Greater Capital Cities: 0.9% Taxi, Greater Capital Cities: 0.2% Car - as driver, Greater Capital Cities: 58.7% Car - as passenger, Greater Capital Cities: 4.9% Truck, Greater Capital Cities: 0.9% Motorbike, Greater Capital Cities: 0.6% Bicycle, Greater Capital Cities: 1.1% Walked only, Greater Capital Cities: 3.2% Other, Greater Capital Cities: 1.1% Worked at home, Greater Capital Cities: 3.8% Did not go to work, Greater Capital Cities: 9.6% Not stated, Greater Capital Cities: 1.4% Train, Australia: 6.3% Bus, Australia: 3.5% Tram or Ferry, Australia: 0.6% Taxi, Australia: 0.2% Car - as driver, Australia: 60.3% Car - as passenger, Australia: 5.3% Truck, Australia: 1.0% Motorbike, Australia: 0.6% Bicycle, Australia: 1.0% Walked only, Australia: 3.7% Other, Australia: 1.3% Worked at home, Australia: 4.4% Did not go to work, Australia: 10.2% Not stated, Australia: 1.5%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in method of travel to work, 2006 to 2011
Change in method of travel to work, 2006 to 2011 Train, Australia: +145,504 Bus, Australia: +63,145 Tram or Ferry, Australia: +11,565 Taxi, Australia: +92 Car - as driver, Australia: +655,231 Car - as passenger, Australia: +4,153 Truck, Australia: -15,672 Motorbike, Australia: +3,526 Bicycle, Australia: +13,772 Walked only, Australia: +9,722 Other, Australia: +28,617 Worked at home, Australia: +17,386 Did not go to work, Australia: +29,614 Not stated, Australia: -14,092
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

In 2011, there were 1,037,154 people who caught public transport to work (train, bus, tram or ferry) in Australia, compared with 6,765,770 who drove in private vehicles (car – as driver, car – as passenger, motorbike, or truck).

Analysis of the method of travel to work of the residents in Australia in 2011, compared to Greater Capital Cities, shows that 10.3% used public transport, while 67.3% used a private vehicle, compared with 14.4% and 65.1% respectively in Greater Capital Cities.

The major differences in persons between the method of travel to work of Australia and Greater Capital Cities were:

  • A larger percentage of persons who travelled by car (as driver) (60.3% compared to 58.7%)
  • A smaller percentage of persons who travelled by train (6.3% compared to 9.3%)

Emerging groups

The number of employed people in Australia increased by 952,563 between 2006 and 2011.

The largest changes in the method of travel to work by resident population in Australia between 2006 and 2011 were for those nominated:

  • Car - as driver (+655,231 persons)
  • Train (+145,504 persons)
  • Bus (+63,145 persons)
  • Did not go to work (+29,614 persons)

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