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Australia

Housing rental quartiles

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This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for all areas. What's this?

In Australia, the 'medium highest group' was the largest quartile, comprising 25% of renting households in 2016.

Rental payments in Australia are indicative of its residential role and function and are directly related to the value of residential property. When viewed with Household Income data they may also indicate the level of 'housing stress' in the community.

The quartile method is the most objective method of comparing change in the rental costs of a community over time.

A detailed explanation of how Housing Rental Payment quartiles are calculated and interpreted is available in specific data notes.

Derived from the Census questions:

'How much does your household pay for this dwelling?' and 'Is this dwelling (owned outright, owned with a mortgage etc.)'

Households renting their dwelling

Housing rental quartiles
Australia - Households (Enumerated)20162011Change
Quartile groupNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2011 to 2016
Lowest group629,78525.017.6564,94425.018.2+64,841
Medium lowest629,78425.022.2564,94425.021.7+64,840
Medium highest629,78625.027.9564,94425.028.7+64,842
Highest group629,78525.032.4564,94425.031.4+64,841

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Housing rental - Quartile group dollar ranges
Calculated from rental payment data for New South Wales Weekly housing rental payments by Census year
Rental payment ranges
2016
2011
2006
2001
Lowest group $0 to $233 $0 to $179 $0 to $127 $0 to $104
Medium lowest $234 to $339 $180 to $288 $128 to $195 $105 to $154
Medium highest $340 to $442 $289 to $381 $196 to $265 $155 to $210
Highest group $443 and over $382 and over $266 and over $211 and over

Housing rental quartiles for 2016
Housing rental quartiles for 2016 Highest group, Greater Capital Cities: 32.4% Medium highest, Greater Capital Cities: 27.9% Medium lowest, Greater Capital Cities: 22.2% Lowest group, Greater Capital Cities: 17.6% Highest group, Australia: 25.0% Medium highest, Australia: 25.0% Medium lowest, Australia: 25.0% Lowest group, Australia: 25.0%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in housing rental quartiles, 2011 to 2016
Change in housing rental quartiles, 2011 to 2016 Highest group, Australia: +64,841 Medium highest, Australia: +64,842 Medium lowest, Australia: +64,840 Lowest group, Australia: +64,841
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Rental payment quartiles allow us to compare relative rental liabilities across time. Analysis of the distribution of households by rental payment quartiles in Australia compared to Greater Capital Cities shows that there was a smaller proportion of households in the highest payment quartile, and a larger proportion in the lowest payment quartile.

Emerging groups

The total number of households renting their dwelling in Australia increased by 259,363 between 2011 and 2016. The most significant change during this period was in the medium highest quartile which showed an increase of 64,842 households.

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