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Australia

Population and dwellings

24,128,876

ABS Estimated Resident Population 2016*

The Census usual resident population of Australia in 2011 was 21,504,691, living in 9,139,110 dwellings with an average household size of 2.55.

There are a number of different ways of measuring the population of an area, all of which give an insight into the size of the place and its rate of growth over different time periods. The Census counts people where they are on the night of the Census (enumerated population) and also by where they usually live (usual residence). Both these populations are useful and form the basis for a range of characteristics collected in the Census.

However, the most accurate count of the total population is Estimated Resident Population, which factors in an estimate of those missed in the Census and those who were overseas on Census night. It is usually higher than either Census count, and is also updated annually after the Census, providing preliminary estimates for up to 5 years.

This page provides the three population counts for Australia at the last Census, with comparisons to previous Census years for the Census counts only. The current estimate for Australia at the most recent year available is shown at the top of the page. This figure is a preliminary estimate only and is subject to review after the next Census data are released. Please use with caution.

Also included are a range of sub-population groups and key statistics from the Census (usual resident) population, such as citizens, employed persons and Indigenous population.

These figures all provide the context for the size of the population and growth rate within Australia and should be looked at in conjunction with other basic demographic information, such as Age Structure, Dwelling Type and Household Size.

The data on this page are sourced from a variety of different tables and designed to give a range of population and dwelling numbers for the area.

Population
Australia - Total persons20112006Change
PopulationNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2006 to 2011
Estimated Resident Population22,340,024----20,450,966----+1,889,058
Usual Resident Population21,504,691----19,855,287----+1,649,404
Enumerated Population21,504,278----19,855,289----+1,648,989

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id , the population experts.

Selected sub-population categories
Australia - Total people (Usual residence)20112006Change
Population groupNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2006 to 2011
Males10,632,03849.449.39,799,24849.449.2+832,790
Females10,872,65350.650.710,056,03950.650.8+816,614
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population548,1262.51.3455,0242.31.1+93,102
Australian citizens18,259,97584.982.917,095,56386.184.2+1,164,412
Eligible voters (citizens aged 18+)13,861,20664.563.012,865,35164.863.7+995,855
Population over 1517,361,16680.781.015,918,08180.280.6+1,443,085
Employed Population10,057,14294.494.59,104,18494.895.0+952,958
Overseas visitors (enumerated)219,399----206,357----+13,042

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011 (Usual residence). Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id , the population experts.

Dwellings
Australia - Households (Enumerated)20112006Change
DwellingsNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2006 to 2011
Total dwellings9,139,110100.0100.08,446,383100.0100.0+692,727
Occupied private dwellings8,181,75189.592.07,596,18189.992.3+585,570
Population in non-private dwellings733,000----679,432----+53,568
Average household size (persons per dwelling)2.55--2.612.55--2.59--

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011 (Enumerated). Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id , the population experts.

*Note that this is an experimental estimate based on ERP at the SA1 level. It is subject to review after the next Census data release and may not match .id's population forecasts.

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