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In Victoria, the number of non religious persons experienced the greatest change (+609,670) compared to Christians and non Christians in 2016.

Victoria's religion statistics provide an indicator of cultural identity and ethnicity when observed in conjunction with other key variables. Religion data reveal the major concentrations of religions as well as revealing the proportion of people with no religious affiliation. There are a number of reasons for different religious compositions across areas including the country of birth and ethnic background of the population, the age of the population (belief in religion is generally stronger, the older the population) and changes in values and belief systems.

Victoria's religion statistics should be analysed in conjunction with other ethnicity statistics such as Country of Birth data and Language Spoken data to assist in identifying specific cultural and ethnic groups.

Please note: Due to changes in ABS rules around perturbation and additivity of data to protect the confidentiality of individuals in 2016, counts of individual religion groups and totals derived from them may differ slightly from those published by the ABS. For more information see notes on data confidentiality.

Derived from the Census question:

'What is the person's religion?'

Total population

Religion - Ranked by size
Victoria - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
ReligionNumber%Australia %Number%Australia %2011 to 2016
Western (Roman) Catholic1,366,05823.022.31,421,71926.625.1-55,661
Uniting Church197,5723.33.7250,9364.75.0-53,364
Greek Orthodox162,9432.71.6167,7893.11.8-4,846
Presbyterian and Reformed117,0362.02.3142,2802.72.8-25,244
Other Protestant21,7080.40.513,5270.30.3+8,181
Macedonian Orthodox19,6090.30.221,8270.40.2-2,218
Jehova's Witnesses14,6300.20.415,2170.30.4-587
Serbian Orthodox11,7960.20.212,2790.20.2-483
Latter Day Saints (Mormons)11,7130.20.311,0900.20.3+623
Churches of Christ10,8760.20.213,9780.30.2-3,102
Seventh Day Adventist10,6050.20.310,4370.20.3+168
Salvation Army10,2840.20.212,9570.20.3-2,673
Other Eastern Catholic8,6830.10.13,9280.10.1+4,755
Coptic Orthodox8,1990.10.16,9730.10.1+1,226
Other Non-Christian Religions5,8690.10.15,6840.10.1+185
Russian Orthodox5,8100.10.15,9870.10.1-177
Other Oriental Orthodox5,7140.10.13,4390.10.0+2,275
Other Eastern Orthodox4,4260.10.123,2930.40.3-18,867
Other Christian3,9030.10.15,0240.10.1-1,121
Assyrian Apostolic2,7380.00.11,7600.00.0+978
Maronite Catholic2,3920.00.23,0730.10.1-681
Chinese and Japanese Religions2,2600.00.01,6970.00.0+563
Armenian Apostolic1,9160.00.01,8320.00.0+84
Other Nature Religions1,6410.00.02,2470.00.0-606
Australian Aboriginal Traditional Religions4060.00.04790.00.0-73
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Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Excludes religions with fewer than 20 adherents, or less than 0.1% of the total population.

Religion - Summary
Victoria - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
Religion totalsNumber%Australia %Number%Australia %2011 to 2016
Christian total2,839,37147.952.13,078,11757.561.1-238,746
Non Christian total629,07710.68.2500,1159.37.2+128,962
Non-classifiable religious belief37,8820.60.645,5390.90.8-7,657
No religion1,893,56332.029.91,283,89324.022.3+609,670
Not stated526,7608.99.1446,3678.38.6+80,393

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Religion, 2016
Religion, 2016 Western (Roman) Catholic, Australia: 22.3% Anglican, Australia: 13.3% Uniting Church, Australia: 3.7% Islam, Australia: 2.6% Buddhism, Australia: 2.4% Greek Orthodox, Australia: 1.6% Christian,nfd, Australia: 2.6% Hinduism, Australia: 1.9% Presbyterian and Reformed, Australia: 2.3% Baptist, Australia: 1.5% Western (Roman) Catholic, Victoria: 23.0% Anglican, Victoria: 9.0% Uniting Church, Victoria: 3.3% Islam, Victoria: 3.3% Buddhism, Victoria: 3.1% Greek Orthodox, Victoria: 2.7% Christian,nfd, Victoria: 2.5% Hinduism, Victoria: 2.3% Presbyterian and Reformed, Victoria: 2.0% Baptist, Victoria: 1.3%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in by .id, the population experts.
Change in religion, 2011 to 2016
Change in religion, 2011 to 2016 Western (Roman) Catholic, Victoria: -55,661 Anglican, Victoria: -126,013 Uniting Church, Victoria: -53,364 Islam, Victoria: +44,276 Buddhism, Victoria: +13,357 Greek Orthodox, Victoria: -4,846 Christian,nfd, Victoria: +46,171 Hinduism, Victoria: +51,837 Presbyterian and Reformed, Victoria: -25,244 Baptist, Victoria: -394
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the religious affiliation of the population of Victoria in 2016 compared to Australia shows that there was a lower proportion of people who professed a religion and a higher proportion who stated they had no religion.

Overall, 58.5% of the population nominated a religion, and 32.0% said they had no religion, compared with 60.4% and 29.9% respectively for Australia.

The largest single religion in Victoria was Western (Roman) Catholic, with 23.0% of the population or 1,366,058 people as adherents.

The major differences between the religious affiliation for the population of Victoria and Australia were:

  • A larger percentage who nominated Greek Orthodox (2.7% compared to 1.6%)
  • A smaller percentage who nominated Anglican (9.0% compared to 13.3%)

Emerging groups

The largest changes in the religious affiliation of the population in Victoria between 2011 and 2016 were for those who nominated:

  • Anglican (-126,013 persons)
  • Western (Roman) Catholic (-55,661 persons)
  • Uniting Church (-53,364 persons)
  • Hinduism (+51,837 persons)