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In Australia, 64% of households were purchasing or fully owned their home, 23.5% were renting privately, and 4.5% were in social housing in 2011.

Australia's Housing Tenure data provides insights into its socio-economic status as well as the role it plays in the housing market. For example, a high concentration of private renters may indicate a transient area attractive to young singles and couples, while a concentration of home owners indicates a more settled area with mature families and empty-nesters (Household Summary). Tenure can also reflect built form (Dwelling Type), with a significantly higher share of renters in high density housing and a substantially larger proportion of home-owners in separate houses, although this is not always the case.

In conjunction with other socio-economic status indicators in Australia, Tenure data is useful for analysing housing markets, housing affordability and identifying public housing areas.

Derived from the Census questions:

'Is this dwelling (owned outright, owned with a mortgage etc.)', and 'If this dwelling is being rented, who is it rented from?'


Housing tenure
Australia - Households (Enumerated)20112006Change
Tenure typeNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2006 to 2011
Fully owned2,539,25931.029.42,478,26732.630.9+60,992
Renting - Social housing369,5044.54.3357,8684.74.5+11,636
Renting - Private1,926,16623.524.01,644,03721.622.0+282,129
Renting - Not stated53,2310.70.562,0460.80.6-8,815
Other tenure type74,8170.90.965,7120.90.8+9,105
Not stated495,2166.16.0540,0437.17.3-44,827

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Housing tenure, 2011
Housing tenure, 2011 Other tenure type, Greater Capital Cities: 0.9% Renting - Private, Greater Capital Cities: 24.0% Renting - Social housing, Greater Capital Cities: 4.3% Renting, Greater Capital Cities: 28.8% Mortgage, Greater Capital Cities: 35.0% Fully owned, Greater Capital Cities: 29.4% Other tenure type, Australia: 0.9% Renting - Private, Australia: 23.5% Renting - Social housing, Australia: 4.5% Renting, Australia: 28.7% Mortgage, Australia: 33.3% Fully owned, Australia: 31.0%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in by .id, the population experts.
Change in housing tenure, 2006 to 2011
Change in housing tenure, 2006 to 2011 Other tenure type, Australia: +9,105 Renting - Private, Australia: +282,129 Renting - Social housing, Australia: +11,636 Renting, Australia: +284,950 Mortgage, Australia: +275,348 Fully owned, Australia: +60,992
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the housing tenure of the population of Australia in 2011 compared to Greater Capital Cities shows that there was a larger proportion of households who owned their dwelling; a smaller proportion purchasing their dwelling; and a similar proportion who were renters.

Overall, 31.0% of the population owned their dwelling; 33.3% were purchasing, and 28.7% were renting, compared with 29.4%, 35.0% and 28.8% respectively for Greater Capital Cities.

Emerging groups

The largest changes in housing tenure categories for the households in Australia between 2006 and 2011 were:

  • Renting - Private (+282,129 persons)
  • Mortgage (+275,348 persons)
  • Fully owned (+60,992 persons)
  • Renting - Social housing (+11,636 persons)

The total number of households in Australia increased by 585,568 between 2006 and 2011.