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In Australia, 31% of households were made up of couples with children in 2011, compared with 33% in Greater Capital Cities.

Australia's household and family structure is one of the most important demographic indicators. It reveals the area's residential role and function, era of settlement and provides key insights into the level of demand for services and facilities as most are related to age and household types.

To continue building the story, Australia's Household Summary should be viewed in conjunction with Households with Children, Households without Children, Household Size, Age Structure and Dwelling Type.

Derived from the Census question:

‘What is the person’s relationship (to each other person in the household)?’


Household type
Australia - Total households (Enumerated)20112006Change
Households by typeNumber%Greater Capital Cities %Number%Greater Capital Cities %2006 to 2011
Couples with children2,511,70030.732.82,345,63230.932.5+166,068
Couples without children2,072,76725.324.01,887,68224.923.5+185,085
One parent families867,91310.610.6799,75210.510.6+68,161
Other families97,7061.21.489,6821.21.4+8,024
Group household320,9903.94.3280,8503.74.0+40,140
Lone person1,888,54923.122.31,740,46622.922.6+148,083
Other not classifiable household279,2503.43.6322,2864.24.6-43,036
Visitor only households142,8751.71.0129,8011.70.9+13,074

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Household type, 2011
Household type, 2011 Lone person, Greater Capital Cities: 22.3% Group household, Greater Capital Cities: 4.3% Other families, Greater Capital Cities: 1.4% One parent families, Greater Capital Cities: 10.6% Couples without children, Greater Capital Cities: 24.0% Couples with children, Greater Capital Cities: 32.8% Lone person, Australia: 23.1% Group household, Australia: 3.9% Other families, Australia: 1.2% One parent families, Australia: 10.6% Couples without children, Australia: 25.3% Couples with children, Australia: 30.7%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in by .id, the population experts.
Change in household type, 2006 to 2011
Change in household type, 2006 to 2011 Lone person, Australia: +148,083 Group household, Australia: +40,140 Other families, Australia: +8,024 One parent families, Australia: +68,161 Couples without children, Australia: +185,085 Couples with children, Australia: +166,068
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the household/family types in Australia in 2011 compared to Greater Capital Cities shows that there was a lower proportion of couple families with child(ren) as well as a similar proportion of one-parent families. Overall, 30.7% of total families were couple families with child(ren), and 10.6% were one-parent families, compared with 32.8% and 10.6% respectively for Greater Capital Cities.

There were a higher proportion of lone person households and a higher proportion of couples without children. Overall, the proportion of lone person households was 23.1% compared to 22.3% in Greater Capital Cities while the proportion of couples without children was 25.3% compared to 24.0% in Greater Capital Cities.

Emerging groups

The number of households in Australia increased by 585,599 between 2006 and 2011.

The largest changes in family/household types in Australia between 2006 and 2011 were:

  • Couples without children (+185,085 households)
  • Couples with children (+166,068 households)
  • Lone person (+148,083 households)
  • One parent families (+68,161 households)