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Greater Melbourne

Unpaid childcare

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This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for all areas. What's this?

263,817 people in Greater Melbourne provided unpaid care for children other than their own in 2016.

The role of unpaid childcare in Greater Melbourne is determined by many different factors. For example areas with high levels of unpaid child care may have a dominance of single income families with one significant earner, or there could be a lack of provision of paid child care in the area. The level to which people care for others children can also indicate the role of extended family (eg. grandparents caring for grandchildren, family day care).

The role of unpaid child care is a complex one so this topic should be viewed in conjunction with several others, including Household Type, Employment, Household Income and Educational Attendance.

Derived from the Census question:

'In the last two weeks did the person spend time looking after a child, without pay?', which specifically asks respondents to differentiate between caring for their own children and caring for others children.

Persons aged 15 years and over.

Unpaid childcare
Greater Melbourne - Persons aged 15+ (Usual residence)20162011Change
Unpaid child careNumber%Victoria %Number%Victoria %2011 to 2016
Provided unpaid child care (all)1,009,00727.527.4881,52227.027.3+127,485
Cared for own child/ren745,19020.319.8641,09019.719.5+104,100
Cared for other child/ren239,8776.56.9214,5066.66.9+25,371
Cared for own child/ren and other child/ren23,9400.70.725,9260.80.9-1,986
No unpaid child care provided2,388,32165.264.62,141,59165.765.3+246,730
Not stated268,1887.38.0237,6517.37.4+30,537

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Unpaid childcare, 2016
Unpaid childcare, 2016 Not stated, Victoria: 8.0% No unpaid child care provided, Victoria: 64.6% Cared for own child/ren and other child/ren, Victoria: 0.7% Cared for other child/ren, Victoria: 6.9% Cared for own child/ren, Victoria: 19.8% Provided unpaid child care (all), Victoria: 27.4% Not stated, Greater Melbourne: 7.3% No unpaid child care provided, Greater Melbourne: 65.2% Cared for own child/ren and other child/ren, Greater Melbourne: 0.7% Cared for other child/ren, Greater Melbourne: 6.5% Cared for own child/ren, Greater Melbourne: 20.3% Provided unpaid child care (all), Greater Melbourne: 27.5%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in unpaid childcare, 2011 to 2016
Change in unpaid childcare, 2011 to 2016 Not stated, Greater Melbourne: +30,537 No unpaid child care provided, Greater Melbourne: +246,730 Cared for own child/ren and other child/ren, Greater Melbourne: -1,986 Cared for other child/ren, Greater Melbourne: +25,371 Cared for own child/ren, Greater Melbourne: +104,100 Provided unpaid child care (all), Greater Melbourne: +127,485
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the unpaid child care provided by the population in Greater Melbourne in 2016 compared to Victoria shows that there was a similar proportion of people who provided unpaid child care either to their own or to other children. Overall, 27.5% of the population provided unpaid child care, compared with 27.4% for Victoria.

There were no major differences between Greater Melbourne and Victoria in 2016.

Emerging groups

The number of people who provided unpaid child care for their own and/or other people's children in Greater Melbourne increased by 127,485 between 2011 and 2016.

The largest changes in the number of people performing unpaid child care in Greater Melbourne, between 2011 and 2016 were those who:

  • Provided no unpaid child care (+246,730 persons)
  • Cared for their own child/ren (+104,100 persons)
  • Cared for other child/ren (+25,371 persons)
  • Cared for their own child/ren and other child/ren (-1,986 persons)

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