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Greater Melbourne

Employment status

1,927,927 people living in Greater Melbourne in 2011 were employed, of which 64% worked full-time and 34% part-time.

Greater Melbourne's employment statistics are an important indicator of socio-economic status. The levels of full or part-time employment, unemployment and labour force participation indicate the strength of the local economy and social characteristics of the population. Employment status is linked to a number of factors including Age Structure, which influences the number of people in the workforce; the economic base and employment opportunities available in the area and; the education and skill base of the population (Occupations, Industries, Qualifications).

Derived from the Census question:

'Last week did the person have a full time or part time job of any kind?'

Persons aged 15 years and over

Employment status
Greater Melbourne - Persons (Usual residence)20112006Change
Employment statusNumber%Victoria %Number%Victoria %2006 to 2011
Employed1,927,92794.594.61,711,40094.794.6+216,527
Employed full-time1,226,10460.159.21,102,59661.060.1+123,508
Employed part-time658,72632.333.3560,38231.031.8+98,344
Hours worked not stated43,0972.12.148,4212.72.7-5,324
Unemployed (Unemployment rate)111,5625.55.496,0725.35.4+15,490
Looking for full-time work62,4213.13.157,3673.23.3+5,054
Looking for part-time work49,1412.42.338,7042.12.1+10,437

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Labour force status
Greater Melbourne - Persons aged 15+ (Usual residence)20112006Change
Labour force statusNumber%Victoria %Number%Victoria %2006 to 2011
Total labour force (Participation rate)2,039,48962.561.41,807,47261.260.4+232,017
Not in the labour force1,048,64032.233.3956,23832.433.4+92,402
Labour force status not stated172,7115.35.2191,9176.56.2-19,206

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Employment status, 2011
Employment status, 2011 Employed, Victoria: 94.6% Employed full-time, Victoria: 59.2% Employed part-time, Victoria: 33.3% Hours worked not stated, Victoria: 2.1% Unemployed (Unemployment rate), Victoria: 5.4% Looking for full-time work, Victoria: 3.1% Looking for part-time work, Victoria: 2.3% Employed, Greater Melbourne: 94.5% Employed full-time, Greater Melbourne: 60.1% Employed part-time, Greater Melbourne: 32.3% Hours worked not stated, Greater Melbourne: 2.1% Unemployed (Unemployment rate), Greater Melbourne: 5.5% Looking for full-time work, Greater Melbourne: 3.1% Looking for part-time work, Greater Melbourne: 2.4%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in employment status, 2006 to 2011
Change in employment status, 2006 to 2011 Employed, Greater Melbourne: +216,527 Employed full-time, Greater Melbourne: +123,508 Employed part-time, Greater Melbourne: +98,344 Hours worked not stated, Greater Melbourne: -5,324 Unemployed (Unemployment rate), Greater Melbourne: +15,490 Looking for full-time work, Greater Melbourne: +5,054 Looking for part-time work, Greater Melbourne: +10,437
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

The size of Greater Melbourne's labour force in 2011 was 2,039,489, of which 658,726 were employed part-time and 1,226,104 were full time workers.

Analysis of the employment status (as a percentage of the labour force) in Greater Melbourne in 2011 compared to Victoria shows that there was a similar proportion in employment, as well as a similar proportion unemployed. Overall, 94.5% of the labour force was employed (59.1% of the population aged 15+), and 5.5% unemployed (3.4% of the population aged 15+), compared with 94.6% and 5.4% respectively for Victoria.

The labour force participation rate refers to the proportion of the population aged 15 years and over that was employed or actively looking for work. "The labour force is a fundamental input to domestic production. Its size and composition are therefore crucial factors in economic growth. From the viewpoint of social development, earnings from paid work are a major influence on levels of economic well-being." (Australian Social Trends 1995).

Analysis of the labour force participation rate of the population in Greater Melbourne in 2011 shows that there was a higher proportion in the labour force (62.5%) compared with Victoria (61.4%).

Emerging groups

Between 2006 and 2011, the number of people employed in Greater Melbourne showed an increase of 216,527, and the number unemployed showed an increase of 15,490. In the same period, the number of people in the labour force showed an increase of 232,017 or 12.8%.

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