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Greater Melbourne

Household income quartiles

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This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for all areas. What's this?

In Greater Melbourne, the 'highest' quartile was the largest group in 2016, comprising 27% of households with income.

Households form the common 'economic unit' in our society. Household Income is one of the most important indicators of socio-economic status. With other data sources, such as Qualifications and Occupation, it helps to reveal Greater Melbourne's socio-economic status and economic opportunities. Household income levels are not comparable over time because of the influences of economic change such as wage level fluctuations and inflation. The income quartile method is a powerful and objective way of looking at income data and in particular, how it is changing.

A detailed explanation of how Household Income quartiles are calculated and interpreted is available in specific data notes.

Derived from the Census question:

'What is the total of all wages/salaries, government benefits, pensions, allowances and other income the person usually receives?'

Households

Household income quartiles
Greater Melbourne - Households (Enumerated)20162011Change
Quartile groupNumber%Victoria %Number%Victoria %2011 to 2016
Lowest group889,34322.525.2796,15322.025.1+93,190
Medium lowest962,13524.325.3869,88924.025.5+92,246
Medium highest1,046,50826.525.4955,54826.425.5+90,960
Highest group1,053,43126.724.11,000,20527.623.9+53,226

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Household income - Quartile group dollar ranges
Calculated from income data for New South Wales Weekly income by Census year
Household income ranges
2016
2011
2006
2001
1996
1991
Lowest group $0 to $743 $0 to $625 $0 to $539 $0 to $413 $0 to $336 $0 to $300
Medium lowest $744 to $1,431 $626 to $1,229 $540 to $1,025 $414 to $784 $337 to $633 $301 to $557
Medium highest $1,432 to $2,433 $1,230 to $2,208 $1,026 to $1,700 $785 to $1,350 $634 to $1,074 $558 to $923
Highest group $2,434 and over $2,209 and over $1,701 and over $1,351 and over $1,075 and over $924 and over

Household income quartiles, 2016
Household income quartiles, 2016 Highest group, Victoria: 24.1% Medium highest, Victoria: 25.4% Medium lowest, Victoria: 25.3% Lowest group, Victoria: 25.2% Highest group, Greater Melbourne: 26.7% Medium highest, Greater Melbourne: 26.5% Medium lowest, Greater Melbourne: 24.3% Lowest group, Greater Melbourne: 22.5%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in household income quartile, 2011 to 2016
Change in household income quartile, 2011 to 2016 Highest group, Greater Melbourne: +53,226 Medium highest, Greater Melbourne: +90,960 Medium lowest, Greater Melbourne: +92,246 Lowest group, Greater Melbourne: +93,190
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Income quartiles allow us to compare relative income-earning capabilities across time. Analysis of the distribution of households by income quartile in Greater Melbourne compared to Victoria shows that there was greater proportion of households in the highest income quartile and a lesser proportion in the lowest income quartile.

Emerging groups

The most significant change in Greater Melbourne between 2011 and 2016 was in the lowest quartile which showed an increase of 93,190 households.

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