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AustraliaCommunity profile

1,524,271 females living in Victoria in 2021 were employed, of which 46% worked full-time and 46% part-time.

Victoria's employment statistics are an important indicator of socio-economic status. The levels of full or part-time employment, unemployment and labour force participation indicate the strength of the local economy and social characteristics of the population. Employment status is linked to a number of factors including Age Structure, which influences the number of people in the workforce; the economic base and employment opportunities available in the area and; the education and skill base of the population (Occupations, Industries, Qualifications).

The two most important measures are:

  • Unemployment rate - the number of people looking for work, as a percentage of the labour force (employed and unemployed over 15)
  • Participation rate - the labour force expressed as a percentage of the total population over 15

Please note that in the 2021 Census, due to the COVID pandemic and lockdowns in many areas, the proportion of people who were employed but away from work in the week before Census has increased. We have no information on whether these people were normally employed full or part time so this is shown separately.


Derived from the Census question:

'Last week did the person have a full time or part time job of any kind?'

Labour force status
Victoria - Females aged 15+ (Usual residence)20212016Change
Labour force statusNumber%Australia %Number%Australia %2016 to 2021
Total labour force (Participation rate)1,602,33358.657.81,388,40455.755.9+213,929
Not in the labour force990,06736.236.7947,86238.037.6+42,205
Labour force status not stated141,3425.25.5155,9436.36.5-14,601
Total persons aged 15+2,733,742100.0100.02,492,205100.0100.0+241,537
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2016 and 2021. Compiled and presented by .id (informed decisions).
Please refer to specific data notes for more information
Employment status
Victoria - Females in the labour force (Usual residence)20212016Change
Employment statusNumber%Australia %Number%Australia %2016 to 2021
Employed full-time704,56444.044.8602,79143.445.0+101,773
Employed part-time698,60243.641.7614,78944.342.8+83,813
Employed, away from work121,1057.68.778,4315.65.6+42,674
Unemployed (Unemployment rate)78,0624.94.892,3936.76.7-14,331
Looking for full-time work31,6732.02.138,9642.83.0-7,291
Looking for part-time work46,3892.92.753,4293.83.7-7,040
Total labour force1,602,333100.0100.01,388,404100.0100.0+213,929
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2016 and 2021. Compiled and presented by .id (informed decisions).
Please refer to specific data notes for more information

Dominant groups

The size of Victoria's female labour force in 2021 was 1,602,333, of which 698,602 were employed part-time and 704,564 were full time workers.

Analysis of the female employment status (as a percentage of the labour force) in Victoria in 2021 compared to Australia shows that there was a similar proportion in employment, as well as a similar proportion unemployed. Overall, 95.1% of the female labour force was employed, and 4.9% unemployed, compared with 95.2% and 4.8% respectively for Australia.

Analysis of the labour force participation rate of the female population in Victoria in 2021 shows that there was a higher proportion in the labour force (58.6%) compared with Australia (57.8%).

Emerging groups

Between 2016 and 2021, the number of females employed in Victoria showed an increase of 228,260, and the number unemployed showed a decrease of 14,331. In the same period, the number of females in the labour force showed an increase of 213,929 or 15.4%.

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