City of YarraCommunity profile

2016 Census data has been released and we are busy processing it to update this website. View our latest releases here.

Skip to content

Cremorne and Burnley - Richmond South

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for Cremorne and Burnley - Richmond South is 5,116, with a population density of 19.58 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

Cremorne and Burnley - Richmond South is bounded by Swan Street in the north, the Yarra River in the east and south, and Punt Road in the west.

Name origin

Cremorne is named for the Cremorne Gardens Pleasure Garden established by James Ellis in 1853. Burnley is named after William Burnley, pioneer land purchaser, local councillor and parliamentarian. Richmond is named after Richmond Hill in England.

Settlement history

Development of the area dates from 1838 when land at Burnley was reserved as the Survey Paddock. Much of this land was used by the Horticultural Society for experimental gardens from the 1860s to 1880s. In 1891 the site was taken over by the State Department of Agriculture, with the balance of the Paddock becoming a park. Railway lines were constructed in 1861 (Hawthorn) and 1890 (Glen Iris), and the South Eastern Freeway in 1962. Population was minimal until the 1870s and 1880s when the famous Rosella jam and sauce factory was established. Many workmen's cottages were constructed during this period. By the start of the 1900s several significant industries were operating, including the Bryant & May match factory and Dimmeys retail store. From the 1960s to the late 1980s the population began to decline as previously crowded family cottages were purchased by couples and a degree of gentrification occurred. The population increased from the early 1990s as new dwellings were added to the area.

Land use

Cremorne and Burnley - Richmond South is a mixed-use area which contains residential, commercial, industrial, educational and recreational land uses.

Major features

Major features of the area include Burnley Golf Course, University of Melbourne (Burnley Campus), Kangan Institute (Richmond Campus), Swan Street shopping strip, Kevin Bartlett Sporting and Recreation Complex, Herring Island, Barkly Gardens, Burnley Gardens, Golden Square Bicentennial Park, Allan Bain Reserve, McConchie Reserve, Ryans Reserve and Richmond Primary School.

Included areas

This small area includes the suburbs of Burnley and Cremorne, and the southern part of the suburb of Richmond.