City of YarraCommunity profile

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City of Yarra

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for the City of Yarra is 93,380, with a population density of 47.82 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

The City of Yarra is located immediately north-east of the Melbourne Central Business District. The City of Yarra is bounded by the City of Moreland and Darebin City in the north, the Yarra River and the City of Boroondara in the east, the Yarra River and the City of Stonnington in the south, and the City of Melbourne in the west.

Name origin

Yarra is thought to be named from the Aboriginal words "Yarra Yarra", meaning ever flowing (river).

Settlement history

European settlement dates from the 1830s when settlers lived along the Yarra River. Significant development occurred in the 1880s and 1890s when industry had a strong presence in the area and working class housing dominated the dwelling stock. There was considerable development in the post-war years when many migrants moved into the area and public housing estates (including high-rise) were built. Significant parts of the municipality have been redeveloped and gentrified since the 1980s, which has attracted more young, single, professional, tertiary educated, middle to high income residents in the area. Since 1991 the population of the City of Yarra has grown by about 17%, rising from nearly 64,000 in 1991 to over 74,000 in 2011.

Land use
Land use 31% 47% 22%

Land use

The character of the City of Yarra reflects this varied history with a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial areas. The main industries include beer and clothing manufacturing and machinery and equipment wholesaling. Commercial areas are concentrated along several of the main roads. There is a mix of housing types, with private homes, public and community housing and a variety of private rental properties. Many of the traditional stock of rooming houses have been converted into private accommodation, hotels and backpacker accommodation in recent years. The City is known for its extensive community services infrastructure and it contains a highly multi-cultural population. The City encompasses a total land area of about 20 square kilometres.


The City of Yarra is served by Citylink, the Eastern Freeway, Alexandra Parade, Hoddle Street, and several railway and tram lines.

Major features

Major features of the City include the Yarra River, Yarra Bend Park, Edinburgh Gardens, Collingwood Children's Farm, Yarra Bend Public Golf Course, St Vincent's Hospital, Epworth Hospital, University of Melbourne (Burnley Campus), Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE (Collingwood and Fairfield Campuses), Kangan Institute (Richmond Campus), Victoria Gardens Shopping Centre and shopping strips at Bridge Road (Richmond), Victoria Street (Richmond/Abbotsford), Brunswick Street (Fitzroy) and Smith Street (Collingwood/Fitzroy).

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Yarra area were the Wurundjeri Aboriginal people.

Included areas

The City of Yarra includes the suburbs of Abbotsford, Alphington (part), Burnley, Carlton North (part), Clifton Hill, Collingwood, Cremorne, Fairfield (part), Fitzroy, Fitzroy North, Princes Hill and Richmond.