Wimmera RegionCommunity profile

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Horsham Rural City

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for Horsham Rural City is 19,817, with a population density of 0.05 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

Horsham Rural City is located in the Wimmera Region of north-west Victoria, about 300 kilometres north-west of the Melbourne CBD. Horsham Rural City is bounded by Hindmarsh Shire in the north, Yarriambiack Shire in the north-east, Northern Grampians Shire in the south-east, Southern Grampians Shire in the south, and West Wimmera Shire in the west.

Name origin

Horsham Rural City is named after the town of Horsham in England.

Settlement history

European settlement of the area dates from the 1840s, with land used mainly for grazing. Population was minimal until the 1870s when squatting runs were divided up for smaller selection, the railway line was opened and wheat farming commenced. Growth took place during the late 1800s and into the early 1900s. Significant growth occurred in the interwar period and the immediate post-war years, particularly in and around the Horsham township. The population continued to gradually increase from the 1950s, with growth slowing from the 1980s. Gradual growth continued from the mid 1990s, with the population rising from about 17,300 in 1996 to about 19,200 in 2016.

Land use

Horsham Rural City is predominantly a rural area, but also has substantial residential areas in the township of Horsham, the smaller township of Natimuk and several smaller communities. About three-quarters of the population live in the township of Horsham. Rural land is used largely for agriculture, particularly wheat, canola and grain growing and sheep grazing. The City encompasses a total land area of nearly 4,300 square kilometres.


Horsham Rural City is served by the Henty Highway, the Western Highway, the Wimmera Highway and The Overland Train.

Major features

Major features of the City include Black Range State Park, part of Mount Arapiles-Tooan State Park, Jilpanger Nature Conservation Reserve, part of the Little Desert National Park, Mitre Lake Flora and Fauna Reserve, Olivers Lake Flora and Fauna Reserve, West Wail Flora and Fauna Reserve, Jallumba Marsh Flora Reserve, Darlot Swamp Wildlife Reserve, Lake Wyn Wyn Wildlife Reserve, Daahl Bushland Reserve, Tooan Bushland Reserve, John Smith Memorial Flora Reserve, the Horsham CBD (including Horsham Plaza), Federation University (Wimmera Campus), Longerenong College, Wimmera Health Care Group (Horsham Campus), Horsham Town Hall, Horsham Regional Art Gallery, Horsham Aquatic Centre, Horsham Botanical Gardens, Horsham Showground, Horsham Golf Club, Grampians Olive Co, Mount Zero Olives, Barangaroo Boutique Wines, Norton Estate Wines, Grampians Horse Riding Adventures, Toolondo Reservoir, the Wimmera River, the Glenelg River, Yarriambiack Creek, Wimmera Intermodal Freight Terminal and numerous small lakes.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of Horsham Rural City were the Jaadwa, Jadawadjali Jupagalk, Wergaia and Wotjobaluk Aboriginal people.

Included areas

Horsham Rural City includes the localities of Arapiles, Blackheath, Brimpaen (part), Bungalally, Clear Lake, Dadswells Bridge (part), Dooen, Douglas (part), Drung, Duchembegarra, Grass Flat (part), Haven, Horsham, Jilpanger, Jung (part), Kalkee, Kanagulk, Kewell (part), Laharum (part), Longerenong (part), Lower Norton, McKenzie Creek, Mitre (part), Mockinya, Murra Warra (part), Natimuk, Noradjuha, Nurrabiel, Pimpinio, Quantong, Riverside, St Helens Plains, Telangatuk East, Tooan, Toolondo, Vectis, Wail, Wartook (part) and Wonwondah.