Parkes ShireCommunity profile

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Parkes - Urban

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for Parkes - Urban is 10,244, with a population density of 6.27 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

Parkes - Urban is bounded by the extent of the urban area in the north and west, Tanks Road, Orange Road and Military Road in the east, and the railway line, Nash Street, Back Yamma Road and the Newell Highway in the south.

Name origin

Parkes is named after Sir Henry Parkes, Prime Minister of New South Wales in 1873 when the township was named. It was originally known as Currajong and then Bushman’s Lead.

Settlement history

Settlement of the area dates from the 1820s, although population was minimal until 1862, spurred by gold discoveries. The township of Parkes was established in the 1860s, with growth during the late 1800s. The railway line was opened in 1893, with land then used more for agriculture. Significant development occurred from the post-war years into the late 1960s. The population was relatively stable during the 1970s and 1980s. The population and dwelling stock increased during the early 1990s, spurred by the opening of the nearby Northparkes Mines. The population then declined marginally during the late 1990s as dwelling occupancy rates declined. The population was stable between 2001 and 2006, and then increased slightly between 2006 and 2011, largely due to an increase in dwelling stock.

Land use

Parkes - Urban is a township area, with residential and commercial land use.

Major features

Major features of the area include the Parkes CBD, TAFE NSW Western Institute (Parkes College), Parkes Hospital, Henry Parkes Museum, Parkes Motor Museum, The King’s Castle Elvis Exhibit, Pioneer Park Antique Machinery Collection, Memorial Hill Lookout, Parkes Racecourse, Parkes Showground, Parkes Swimming Pool, AE Fox Park, Armstrong Park, Bernard Maguire Park, Bushmans Hill Reserve, Cheney Park, Cooke Park, Cooper’s Park, Davey Park, Fisher Reserve, Giles Park, Harrison Park, Heraghty Park, Keast Park, Kelly Reserve, Lions Park, Mazoudier Park, McGlynn Park, Middleton Street Park, Moon Crescent Park, Motor Museum Pioneer Park, Northparkes Oval, PAC Park, Panorama Crescent Park, Pioneer Oval, Quota Park, Rotoract Park, Scoble Place Park, Spicer Oval, Swindle Park, Thomas Tom Park, Widgeram Park, Wilsmore Park, Woodward Park, Bushmans Dam and numerous schools.

Included areas

Parkes - Urban is the urban part of the locality of Parkes, with the non-urban part of the locality located in the Parkes - Rural small area.