Orange City CouncilCommunity profile

We’re continuing to update these pages with data from the 2016 Census. Read more about our updates.

Skip to content

Blayney Shire

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for Blayney Shire is 7,418, with a population density of 0.05 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

Blayney Shire is located in the Central Tablelands of New South Wales, about 250 kilometres west of the Sydney CBD. Blayney Shire is bounded by the Cabonne Council area and Orange City in the north, the Bathurst Regional Council area in the east and south-east, and Cowra Shire in the south-west and west.

Settlement history

European settlement dates from the 1820s when government stock stations were set up and private pastoralists took up land. The villages of Blayney and Carcoar were established in the 1830s. Towns continued to develop in the gold rush of the 1850s and 1860s. Growth continued in the 1870s and 1880s, aided by the construction of the railway line and the discovery of gold. Mining of gold, copper and iron continues to be an important industry in the Shire. The most significant development occurred in the post-war years. The population increased slightly from the early 1990s, rising from about 6,000 people in 1991 to nearly 7,000 in 2011.

Land use

Blayney Shire is predominantly rural, with several townships which include residential, industrial and commercial areas. The Shire encompasses a total land area of about 1,600 square kilometres. Much of the rural area is used for mining and farming, including sheep and cattle grazing, crops, orchards and viticulture. Settlement is based in the townships of Blayney and Carcoar, the village of Millthorpe, and the smaller villages of Lyndhurst, Mandurama, Neville and Newbridge.


Blayney Shire is served by the Mid Western Highway and the Western railway line.

Major features

Major features of the Shire include the Belubala River, Carcoar Dam, Blayney Wind Farm, Cadia Gold & Copper Mine, Blayney Hospital, Blayney Showground, Heritage Park and CentrePoint Sport & Leisure Centre.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Blayney area were the Wiradjuri Aboriginal people.

Included areas

Blayney Shire includes the localities of Barry, Blayney, Browns Creek, Burnt Yards, Caloola (part), Carcoar, Errowanbang, Forest Reefs (part), Garland (part), Hobbys Yards, Kings Plains, Lyndhurst (part), Mandurama (part), Millthorpe (part), Moorilda, Neville (part), Newbridge, Panuara and Tallwood.