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National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA)

Language spoken at home

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This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for all areas. What's this?

In the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA), 25% of people spoke a language other than English at home in 2016.

The National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA)'s language statistics show the proportion of the population who speak a language at home other than English. They indicate how culturally diverse a population is and the degree to which different ethnic groups and nationalities are retaining their language.

The National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA)'s language statistics should be analysed in conjunction with Country of Birth and Proficiency in English to assist in identifying specific cultural and ethnic groups in the area and the services required by the multicultural community.

Please note: Due to changes in ABS rules around perturbation and additivity of data to protect the confidentiality of individuals in 2016, counts of individual language groups and totals derived from them may differ slightly from those published by the ABS. For more information see notes on data confidentiality.

Derived from the Census question:

'Does the person speak a language other than English at home?'

Total population

Language spoken at home - Ranked by size
National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
Language (excludes English)Number%Greater Sydney %Number%Greater Sydney %2011 to 2016
Arabic94,2022.14.072,9351.94.1+21,266
Filipino/Tagalog70,8191.61.352,6631.41.2+18,155
Mandarin63,4911.44.734,1190.93.0+29,372
Hindi60,9951.41.341,3941.11.2+19,601
Punjabi56,6501.30.622,8270.60.4+33,823
Italian46,4961.01.350,4551.31.6-3,960
Vietnamese42,0110.92.134,0460.91.9+7,964
Persian/Dari33,7740.70.717,2110.40.5+16,562
Spanish32,8640.71.229,4010.81.1+3,463
Samoan29,4020.70.322,9330.60.3+6,469
Cantonese28,8140.62.927,9700.73.0+843
Greek27,3920.61.627,3920.71.8-1
Sinhalese25,0540.60.216,5310.40.2+8,523
Turkish24,9490.60.424,5280.60.5+421
Urdu24,8400.60.612,3880.30.4+12,451
Tamil23,0900.50.613,7940.40.5+9,295
Assyrian/Aramaic20,7690.50.612,7560.30.5+8,012
Macedonian20,2780.50.420,0160.50.4+262
Serbian17,2520.40.416,7190.40.4+532
Gujarati16,6370.40.46,3730.20.3+10,264
Malayalam16,5470.40.26,5630.20.1+9,984
Bengali15,9420.40.68,3760.20.5+7,566
Croatian15,1300.30.415,7460.40.5-617
Afrikaans13,8020.30.19,8250.30.1+3,977
Indonesian13,0040.30.69,2120.20.5+3,792
Maltese12,2050.30.212,4820.30.3-277
Korean11,5870.31.27,8490.21.1+3,738
French11,1590.20.49,5160.20.4+1,643
Polish10,6130.20.310,9510.30.3-339
German10,5270.20.310,7570.30.4-230
Khmer9,4670.20.27,4440.20.2+2,023
Telugu9,3680.20.24,1360.10.2+5,232
Nepali8,6150.20.72,3630.10.4+6,252
Thai8,5830.20.45,5650.10.3+3,018
Non-verbal so described8,5270.20.24,9130.10.1+3,614
Portuguese7,8480.20.46,1420.20.3+1,706
Dinka7,0540.20.03,4720.10.0+3,582
Tongan6,6470.10.25,1770.10.2+1,470
Russian6,4730.10.44,9240.10.4+1,548
Dutch5,9360.10.16,7540.20.1-818
Romanian5,7560.10.05,2530.10.0+502
Māori (New Zealand)5,0580.10.03,6900.10.0+1,368
Bosnian4,9530.10.14,6450.10.1+308
Burmese4,8940.10.13,4850.10.1+1,409
Karen4,8800.10.02,6540.10.0+2,226
Japanese4,7720.10.33,3340.10.3+1,438
Hungarian4,6700.10.14,8270.10.1-157
Shona4,5640.10.02,2310.10.0+2,332
Malay4,5250.10.13,4470.10.0+1,078
Marathi3,9770.10.12,7400.10.1+1,237
Swahili3,8260.10.01,4620.00.0+2,364
Lao3,7900.10.13,6340.10.1+156
Somali3,5870.10.02,0430.10.0+1,544
Pashto3,3620.10.02,0490.10.0+1,313
Kannada3,1170.10.12,0220.10.0+1,095
Hakka3,0420.10.02,8670.10.0+175
Albanian2,8250.10.02,4360.10.0+389
Auslan2,5220.10.02,0100.10.0+512
Kurdish2,4650.10.11,8330.00.0+632
Amharic2,3900.10.01,3370.00.0+1,053
Fijian2,3150.10.11,6710.00.1+644
Min Nan (incl.Hokkien)2,2080.00.11,7900.00.1+418
Māori (Cook Island)2,1730.00.01,8160.00.0+357
Serbo-Croatian Yugoslavian, so described1,6130.00.01,6930.00.0-80
Hmong1,5090.00.01,2420.00.0+267
Fijian Hindustani1,4310.00.06690.00.0+762
Australian Indigenous Languages1,4280.00.01,2590.00.0+169
Chinese, nfd1,3880.00.11,6720.00.2-284
Tigrinya1,2740.00.07350.00.0+539
Finnish1,2670.00.01,3360.00.0-69
Slovak1,2450.00.01,2700.00.0-25
Czech1,2150.00.11,1780.00.1+37
Armenian1,1990.00.21,1140.00.2+84
Ukrainian1,1530.00.01,1240.00.0+29
Oromo1,0940.00.06900.00.0+404
Chin Haka1,0920.00.0790.00.0+1,013
Danish9490.00.09390.00.0+10
Nuer9150.00.05080.00.0+407
Swedish8440.00.17170.00.0+127
Slovene7170.00.07470.00.0-30
Tokelauan5540.00.04720.00.0+82
Indo-Aryan, nfd5180.00.03600.00.0+158
Hebrew4330.00.13590.00.1+74
Tetum4270.00.03500.00.0+77
Bulgarian4100.00.03480.00.0+62
Wu3010.00.01380.00.0+163
Uygur2790.00.01550.00.0+124
Estonian2440.00.02050.00.0+39
Norwegian2250.00.02440.00.0-19
Latvian2190.00.02600.00.0-41
Tswana870.00.0400.00.0+47
Tibetan600.00.0340.00.0+26
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Excludes languages with fewer than 20 people speaking them at home, or less than 0.1% of the total population.

Language spoken at home - Summary
National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
Language summaryNumber%Greater Sydney %Number%Greater Sydney %2011 to 2016
Speaks English only3,128,44269.458.42,893,04274.462.3+235,400
Non-English total1,113,24524.735.8813,17420.932.4+300,071
Not stated263,9125.95.8181,3174.75.3+82,594

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Language spoken at home, 2016
Language spoken at home, 2016 Arabic, Greater Sydney: 4.0% Filipino/Tagalog, Greater Sydney: 1.3% Mandarin, Greater Sydney: 4.7% Hindi, Greater Sydney: 1.3% Punjabi, Greater Sydney: 0.6% Italian, Greater Sydney: 1.3% Vietnamese, Greater Sydney: 2.1% Persian/Dari, Greater Sydney: 0.7% Spanish, Greater Sydney: 1.2% Samoan, Greater Sydney: 0.3% Arabic, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 2.1% Filipino/Tagalog, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 1.6% Mandarin, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 1.4% Hindi, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 1.4% Punjabi, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 1.3% Italian, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 1.0% Vietnamese, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 0.9% Persian/Dari, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 0.7% Spanish, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 0.7% Samoan, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 0.7%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in language spoken at home, 2011 to 2016
Change in language spoken at home, 2011 to 2016 Arabic, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +21,266 Filipino/Tagalog, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +18,155 Mandarin, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +29,372 Hindi, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +19,601 Punjabi, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +33,823 Italian, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): -3,960 Vietnamese, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +7,964 Persian/Dari, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +16,562 Spanish, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +3,463 Samoan, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +6,469
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the language spoken at home by the population of the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) in 2016 compared to Greater Sydney shows that there was a larger proportion of people who spoke English only, and a smaller proportion of those speaking a non-English language (either exclusively, or in addition to English).

Overall, 69.4% of the population spoke English only, and 24.7% spoke a non-English language, compared with 58.4% and 35.8% respectively for Greater Sydney.

The dominant language spoken at home, other than English, in the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) was Arabic, with 2.1% of the population, or 94,202 people speaking this language at home.

The major differences between the languages spoken at home for the population of the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) and Greater Sydney in 2016 were:

  • A smaller percentage speaking Mandarin at home (1.4% compared to 4.7%)
  • A smaller percentage speaking Cantonese at home (0.6% compared to 2.9%)
  • A smaller percentage speaking Arabic at home (2.1% compared to 4.0%)
  • A smaller percentage speaking Vietnamese at home (0.9% compared to 2.1%)

Emerging groups

Between 2011 and 2016, the number of people who spoke a language other than English at home increased by 300,071 or 36.9%, and the number of people who spoke English only increased by 235,400 or 8.1%.

The largest changes in the spoken languages of the population in the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) between 2011 and 2016 were for those speaking:

  • Punjabi (+33,823 persons)
  • Mandarin (+29,372 persons)
  • Arabic (+21,266 persons)
  • Hindi (+19,601 persons)

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