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National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA)

Birthplace

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This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for all areas. What's this?

In 2016, 20% of people in the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA), came from countries where English was not their first language.

Country of Birth data identifies where people were born and is indicative of the level of cultural diversity in the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA). The mix of Country of Birth groups is also indicative of historical settlement patterns, as source countries for Australia's immigration program have varied significantly over time.

To get a more complete picture of cultural and ethnic characteristics, the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA)'s Country of Birth data should be viewed together with Ancestry, Language Spoken at Home and Religion.

Please note: Due to changes in ABS rules around perturbation and additivity of data to protect the confidentiality of individuals in 2016, counts of individual birthplace groups and totals derived from them may differ slightly from those published by the ABS. For more information see notes on data confidentiality.

Derived from the Census question:

'In which country was the person born?'

Total population

Birthplace - Ranked by size
National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) - Overseas born (Usual residence)20162011Change
BirthplaceNumber%Greater Sydney %Number%Greater Sydney %2011 to 2016
United Kingdom239,5325.33.7238,3316.14.1+1,200
New Zealand149,8693.31.8125,1183.21.9+24,750
India143,2323.22.773,6801.92.0+69,551
Philippines83,5361.91.660,7621.61.4+22,774
China46,5031.04.727,9600.73.4+18,542
South Africa40,1450.90.732,8050.80.8+7,339
Sri Lanka36,0590.80.624,4960.60.5+11,562
Iraq29,9550.70.819,0830.50.7+10,871
Vietnam29,6210.71.723,7510.61.6+5,869
Fiji28,8810.60.725,4910.70.7+3,389
Italy28,2910.60.829,6810.81.0-1,390
Malaysia22,1930.50.617,1900.40.6+5,003
Pakistan19,7790.40.59,4370.20.3+10,341
Afghanistan18,5410.40.39,9750.30.2+8,565
Lebanon16,9800.41.214,9180.41.3+2,061
Germany16,0340.40.416,6490.40.4-616
Samoa15,0490.30.211,3520.30.2+3,697
Indonesia13,0010.30.69,9040.30.6+3,097
Netherlands12,6620.30.213,8900.40.2-1,228
Ireland12,3850.30.410,3780.30.4+2,007
Malta12,3080.30.313,0810.30.3-773
Serbia / Montenegro (fmr Yugoslavia)12,0540.30.311,8880.30.3+165
Thailand11,9050.30.58,0380.20.3+3,867
Croatia11,7810.30.312,6790.30.3-898
Iran11,6650.30.55,8930.20.3+5,771
Egypt11,6370.30.49,3600.20.4+2,276
Turkey11,5160.30.211,5550.30.3-39
Bangladesh11,4790.30.56,1350.20.4+5,344
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia11,2950.30.211,2300.30.3+65
Sudan11,2260.20.17,9210.20.1+3,305
Singapore11,0520.20.29,1380.20.2+1,914
United States of America10,9410.20.59,4870.20.5+1,454
Greece10,5590.20.610,9410.30.7-383
Zimbabwe10,4260.20.16,9380.20.1+3,487
Burma (Myanmar)9,9610.20.16,1600.20.1+3,801
South Korea9,8870.21.06,8740.20.9+3,012
Mauritius9,5030.20.18,0130.20.1+1,490
Poland9,1020.20.29,3870.20.3-286
Hong Kong8,2100.20.87,5050.20.8+705
Bosnia and Herzegovina7,4900.20.17,6720.20.2-183
Chile7,2370.20.27,0370.20.3+199
Cambodia6,9590.20.25,4330.10.2+1,526
Nepal6,7110.10.61,7100.00.3+5,001
Canada5,5000.10.24,8590.10.2+641
Papua New Guinea5,4350.10.14,7880.10.1+647
Taiwan5,1390.10.22,9390.10.2+2,200
Kenya5,1030.10.13,1150.10.0+1,988
Romania5,0830.10.14,7030.10.1+380
Syria4,5540.10.22,1650.10.1+2,389
El Salvador4,0850.10.04,0030.10.0+82
Portugal3,9140.10.13,6540.10.2+260
Cyprus3,6780.10.13,6830.10.1-5
Laos3,6560.10.13,4700.10.1+186
Ethiopia3,5610.10.02,2180.10.0+1,343
East Timor3,4110.10.03,2460.10.0+165
Tonga3,3710.10.12,8050.10.1+565
Japan3,2030.10.32,4640.10.2+739
Hungary3,1830.10.13,3040.10.1-121
France3,0080.10.22,6310.10.2+377
Cook Islands2,8840.10.02,4020.10.0+482
Argentina2,8740.10.12,8060.10.1+68
Nigeria2,7070.10.01,2980.00.0+1,409
Uruguay2,6250.10.12,6480.10.1-23
Russian Federation2,5780.10.12,0720.10.1+505
Spain2,4010.10.12,3080.10.1+93
Austria2,3820.10.12,5770.10.1-195
United Arab Emirates2,3780.10.01,2150.00.0+1,163
Brazil2,2950.10.21,3120.00.1+983
Peru2,1040.00.11,7970.00.1+307
Colombia2,0690.00.11,2220.00.1+847
Ghana1,9410.00.01,1610.00.0+780
Saudi Arabia1,8830.00.11,0970.00.1+786
Somalia1,8590.00.01,0730.00.0+786
Kuwait1,7550.00.11,0680.00.0+687
Jordan1,6490.00.11,3180.00.1+331
Congo, Democratic Republic of1,6420.00.05960.00.0+1,046
Denmark1,5760.00.01,5910.00.0-15
Zambia1,5370.00.01,0970.00.0+440
Switzerland1,5370.00.11,5850.00.1-48
Finland1,5020.00.01,6760.00.0-174
Ukraine1,3660.00.11,2920.00.1+74
Tanzania1,2470.00.09040.00.0+343
Czech Republic1,1360.00.11,1190.00.1+17
Liberia1,1220.00.06780.00.0+444
Sweden1,0770.00.19550.00.1+122
Uganda1,0380.00.06220.00.0+416
Sierra Leone1,0260.00.06150.00.0+411
Slovenia1,0120.00.01,0580.00.0-46
Eritrea9660.00.05760.00.0+390
Seychelles9480.00.08330.00.0+115
Bhutan9360.00.04880.00.0+448
Belgium8680.00.08470.00.0+21
Albania8110.00.05640.00.0+247
Israel7610.00.17090.00.1+52
Gaza Strip and West Bank7520.00.06890.00.0+63
Slovakia6290.00.05580.00.0+71
Libya5800.00.03720.00.0+208
Eastern Europe, nfd5610.00.06490.00.0-88
Mexico5350.00.04050.00.0+130
Bulgaria5050.00.04250.00.0+80
Norway4290.00.03840.00.0+45
Brunei Darussalam4240.00.03590.00.0+65
Ecuador3720.00.03500.00.0+22
Latvia3490.00.04200.00.0-71
Morocco3480.00.02920.00.0+56
Trinidad and Tobago3220.00.02580.00.0+64
Oman2890.00.01610.00.0+128
Botswana2590.00.01720.00.0+87
Estonia2550.00.02420.00.0+13
Namibia2500.00.01890.00.0+61
Lithuania2440.00.02960.00.0-52
Macau2340.00.02220.00.0+11
Mozambique2070.00.01730.00.0+34
Belarus1870.00.01230.00.0+64
Vanuatu1760.00.01920.00.0-16
New Caledonia1670.00.01510.00.0+16
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Excludes countries with fewer than 20 people, or less than 0.1% of the total population.

Birthplace - Summary
National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
BirthplaceNumber%Greater Sydney %Number%Greater Sydney %2011 to 2016
Total overseas born1,381,61330.736.71,104,42228.434.2+277,190
Non-English speaking backgrounds923,24120.529.3683,44217.626.3+239,799
Main English speaking countries458,37210.27.3420,98010.87.9+37,391
Australia2,837,45263.057.12,581,29366.459.9+256,158
Not stated286,6016.46.3201,8105.25.9+84,791

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Birthplace, 2016
Birthplace, 2016 United Kingdom, Greater Sydney: 3.7% New Zealand, Greater Sydney: 1.8% India, Greater Sydney: 2.7% Philippines, Greater Sydney: 1.6% China, Greater Sydney: 4.7% South Africa, Greater Sydney: 0.7% Sri Lanka, Greater Sydney: 0.6% Iraq, Greater Sydney: 0.8% Vietnam, Greater Sydney: 1.7% Fiji, Greater Sydney: 0.7% United Kingdom, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 5.3% New Zealand, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 3.3% India, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 3.2% Philippines, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 1.9% China, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 1.0% South Africa, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 0.9% Sri Lanka, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 0.8% Iraq, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 0.7% Vietnam, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 0.7% Fiji, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): 0.6%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in birthplace, 2011 to 2016
Change in birthplace, 2011 to 2016 United Kingdom, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +1,200 New Zealand, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +24,750 India, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +69,551 Philippines, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +22,774 China, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +18,542 South Africa, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +7,339 Sri Lanka, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +11,562 Iraq, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +10,871 Vietnam, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +5,869 Fiji, National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA): +3,389
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the country of birth of the population in the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) in 2016 compared to Greater Sydney shows that there was a smaller proportion of people born overseas, as well as a smaller proportion of people from a non-English speaking background.

Overall, 30.7% of the population was born overseas, and 20.5% were from a non-English speaking background, compared with 36.7% and 29.3% respectively for Greater Sydney.

The largest non-English speaking country of birth in the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) was India, where 3.2% of the population, or 143,232 people, were born.

The major differences between the countries of birth of the population in the National Growth Areas Alliance (NGAA) and Greater Sydney were:

  • A larger percentage of people born in United Kingdom (5.3% compared to 3.7%)
  • A larger percentage of people born in New Zealand (3.3% compared to 1.8%)
  • A smaller percentage of people born in China (1.0% compared to 4.7%)
  • A smaller percentage of people born in Vietnam (0.7% compared to 1.7%)

Emerging groups

Between 2011 and 2016, the number of people born overseas increased by 277,191 or 25.1%, and the number of people from a non-English speaking background increased by 239,799 or 35.1%.

The largest changes in birthplace countries of the population in this area between 2011 and 2016 were for those born in:

  • India (+69,551 persons)
  • New Zealand (+24,750 persons)
  • Philippines (+22,774 persons)
  • China (+18,542 persons)

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