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City of Swan

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for City of Swan is 138,160, with a population density of 1.32 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

The City of Swan is located on the north-eastern fringe of Perth, 10-50 kilometres north-east of the Perth CBD. The City of Swan is bounded by the Shires of Chittering and Toodyay in the north, the Shire of Mundaring in the east and south-east, the Shire of Kalamunda, the City of Belmont, the Town of Bassendean and the City of Bayswater in the south, and the Cities of Stirling and Wanneroo in the west.

Name origin

Swan is named after the Swan River, which was named after black swans seen on the river.

Settlement history

European settlement dates from 1829 when the first land grants were made, with the township of Guildford established soon after this. Growth was minimal until the 1880s. Gradual expansion took place from the late 1800s into the early 1900s, especially around the railway head at Midland. Significant development occurred in the post-war years, particularly from the late 1960s. Rapid growth took place from the 1980s. The population of the City doubled between 1991 and 2011, rising from under 52,000 in 1991 to nearly 106,000 in 2011, with most of this growth in the new urban areas of Ellenbrook, The Vines, Ballajura, Stratton and Jane Brook, and more recently from redevelopment in Midland. Population growth is expected to continue, particularly in Ellenbrook, Henley Brook and Midland.

Land use

The City of Swan is a predominantly rural area, with rapidly expanding residential areas and some commercial and industrial land uses. The City encompasses a total land area of about 1,040 square kilometres, of which a significant proportion is National Park, State Forest and nature reserves. Much of the rural area is used for forestry, agriculture and grazing, with an increasing number of viticulture industries in more recent years.


The City of Swan is served by the Great Eastern Highway, the Great Northern Highway, the Reid Highway, the Roe Highway, the Tonkin Highway and the Midland railway line.

Major features

Major features of the City include the Swan River, Avon Valley National Park, John Forrest National Park, Walyunga National Park, Whiteman Park, SpeedDome, Caversham Wildlife Park, WA International Shooting Complex, Ellenbrook Speedway, Pearce RAAF Base, Palmer Barracks (Navy), Polytechnic West (Midland Campus) and various wineries.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Swan area were the Nyungar Aboriginal people.

Included areas

The City of Swan includes the suburbs and localities of Aveley, Avon Valley National Park, Ballajura, Baskerville, Beechboro, Belhus, Bellevue (part), Bennett Springs, Brabham, Brigadoon, Bullsbrook, Caversham, Cullacabardee, Dayton, Ellenbrook, Gidgegannup, Guildford, Hazelmere, Henley Brook, Herne Hill, Jane Brook, Kiara, Koongamia, Lexia, Lockridge, Malaga, Melaleuca, Middle Swan, Midland, Midvale (part), Millendon, Perth Airport (part), Red Hill, South Guildford, Stratton, Swan View (part), The Vines, Upper Swan, Viveash, Walyunga National Park, West Swan, Whiteman and Woodbridge.