National Growth Areas AllianceCommunity profile

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City of Ipswich

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for City of Ipswich is 200,123, with a population density of 1.83 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

The City of Ipswich is located in south-east Queensland, about 40 kilometres south-west of the Brisbane CBD. The City of Ipswich is bounded by the Somerset Regional Council area and Brisbane City in the north, Logan City in the east, the Scenic Rim Regional Council area in the south, and the Lockyer Valley Regional Council area in the west.

Name origin

Ipswich is thought to be named after a town in Suffolk, England. It was previously known as Limestone.

Settlement history

European settlement dates from 1827, although population was minimal until 1842. Land was used mainly for farming, timber-getting, sugar cane growing, cotton growing and coal mining, with Ipswich being an important river port. Growth took place from the 1880s into the early 1900s, spurred by the opening of the railway line from Ipswich to Brisbane in 1875. Significant residential development occurred from the post-war years, particularly from the 1960s, accompanied by industrial development. Growth continued during the 1990s, with the population of the City rising from about 110,000 in 1991 to about 122,000 in 2001. Rapid growth took place from 2001, with the population rising to about 165,000 in 2011. Population growth is expected to continue, particularly in the greater Springfield area.

Land use

The City of Ipswich is a rapidly growing residential area, with substantial rural, rural-residential, commercial and industrial areas. The City of Ipswich encompasses a total land area of about 1,100 square kilometres. The main urban centre is Ipswich, with developing residential areas in the east, and numerous small townships including Grandchester, Marburg, Rosewood and Walloon. Rural land is used largely for agriculture, with coal mining also being an important industry.


The City of Ipswich is served by the Ipswich Motorway, the Logan Motorway, the Brisbane Valley Highway, the Cunningham Highway, the Warrego Highway, Brisbane Road and the Ipswich and Rosewood railway lines.

Major features

Major features of the City include the Ipswich CBD, Ipswich Central (including Ipswich City Square, Riverlink Shopping Centre and Top of Town), Redbank Plaza, Orion Springfield Central (shopping centre), TAFE Queensland South West (Bundamba and Springfield Campuses), University of Southern Queensland (Ipswich and Springfield Campuses), RAAF Base Amberley, Ipswich Hospital, Rosewood Railway Museum, The Workshops Rail Museum, Grandchester Model Steam Railway, Queensland Pioneer Steam Railway, Ipswich Art Gallery, Ipswich Little Theatre, Ipswich Nature Centre, Brookwater Golf & Country Club, Ipswich Golf Club, Sandy Gallop Golf Club, Ipswich Showground, Ipswich Racecourse, Henry Lawson Bicentennial Park, Limestone Park, Queens Park, River Heart Parklands, Kholo Gardens, Ipswich Motorsport Precinct (including Queensland Raceway and Willowbank Raceway), Denmark Hill Conservation Park, Flinders-Goolman Conservation Estate, White Rock-Spring Mountain Conservation Estate, Haig Street Quarry Bushland Reserve, Mount Beau Brummell Conservation Park, Purga Nature Reserve, Ironbark Ridge Vineyard, the Bremer River and the Brisbane River.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Ipswich area were the Jagera, Yuggera and Ugarapul Aboriginal people.

Included areas

The City of Ipswich includes the suburbs, townships and rural localities of Amberley, Ashwell, Augustine Heights, Barellan Point, Basin Pocket, Bellbird Park, Blacksoil, Blackstone, Booval, Brassall, Brookwater, Bundamba, Calvert, Camira, Carole Park, Churchill, Chuwar (part), Coalfalls, Collingwood Park, Deebing Heights, Dinmore, East Ipswich, Eastern Heights, Ebbw Vale, Ebenezer, Flinders View, Gailes, Goodna, Goolman, Grandchester, Haigslea (part), Ipswich, Ironbark, Jeebropilly, Karalee, Karrabin, Lanefield, Leichhardt, Lower Mount Walker (part), Marburg (part), Moores Pocket, Mount Forbes (part), Mount Marrow, Mount Mort, Mount Walker West (part), Muirlea, Mutdapilly (part), New Chum, Newtown, North Booval, North Ipswich, North Tivoli, One Mile, Peak Crossing (part), Pine Mountain, Purga, Raceview, Redbank, Redbank Plains, Ripley, Riverview, Rosevale (part), Rosewood, Sadliers Crossing, Silkstone, South Ripley, Spring Mountain, Springfield, Springfield Central, Springfield Lakes, Swanbank, Tallegalla, Thagoona, The Bluff, Tivoli, Walloon, West Ipswich, White Rock, Willowbank, Woodend, Woolshed, Wulkuraka and Yamanto.