City of NewcastleCommunity profile

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Northern Environmental Region

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for Northern Environmental Region is 573, with a population density of 0.06 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

Northern Environmental Region is bounded by John Renshaw Drive, the New England Highway, the locality of Tarro, Purgatory Creek, the Hunter River and Fullerton Cove in the north, the Hunter River in the east, the suburb of Carrington, Industrial Drive, Tourle Street, the Hunter River, Ironbark Creek and the suburbs of Maryland, Fletcher and Minmi in the south, and Cessnock City in the west.

Settlement history

Settlement of the area dates from the 1820s. The railway line was built through the area in the 1850s. Industrial development took place during the late 1800s, spurred by coal mining and improved access. By the 1960s most of the estuary islands were joined to form one land mass, Kooragang Island. The population declined slightly from the mid 1990s, a result of relative stability in dwelling stock and a decline in the average number of persons living in each dwelling.

Land use

Northern Environmental Region is a rural, environmental and industrial area.

Major features

Major features of the area include Hexham Swamp, Hexham Swamp Nature Reserve, Kooragang Wetlands, Kooragang Nature Reserve, Pambalong Nature Reserve, the Port of Newcastle, Port Waratah Coal Loader, Kooragang Coal Terminal, Hunter Valley Equestrian Centre, Orchard End Equestrian Centre, Hexham Park, Walsh Point Reserve, Kooragang Island, Fullerton Cove, Kooragang City Farm, Milham's Farmhouse, Estuarine Interpretative Centre and the Hunter River.

Included areas

Northern Environmental Region includes the localities of Black Hill, Fullerton Cove, Hexham, Kooragang, Lenaghan and Mayfield North, and the eastern part of Tighes Hill. Part of the locality of Black Hill is located in Cessnock City.