City of MeltonCommunity profile
Skip to content

City of Melton

Low income households - Employment status

1,893 people in low income households in the City of Melton were employed, of which 37.6% were working full time and 54.6% part time.

The City of Melton's employment statistics are an important indicator of socio-economic status. The levels of full or part-time employment, unemployment and labour force participation indicate the strength of the local economy and social characteristics of the population.

For people counted in low income households, it is likely that employment characteristics will be quite different to the total population. As income is usually linked to employment, low incomes are usually correlated with high unemployment and low workforce participation. This is important information in planning services for those on low incomes - for instance families with unemployed breadwinners may need different levels of support to low income retirees.

Employment status is linked to a number of other factors including Age Structure, which influences the number of people in the workforce; the economic base and employment opportunities available in the area and; the education and skill base of the population (Occupations and Qualifications).

Derived from the Census question:

'Last week did the person have a full time or part time job of any kind?'

People aged 15 years and over in low income households, counted in private dwellings

Employment status
City of Melton - Low income households20112006Change
Employment statusNumber%VictoriaNumber%Victoria2006 to 2011
Employed1,89374.378.193466.171.2+959
Employed full-time71127.925.934324.322.8+368
Employed part-time1,03340.545.750235.541.9+531
Employed, away from work1014.03.9433.03.4+58
Employed, hours not stated481.92.6463.33.1+2
Unemployed (Unemployment rate)65625.721.947933.928.8+177
Looking for full-time work44217.312.831822.518.2+124
Looking for part-time work2148.49.016111.410.6+53

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Labour force status
City of Melton - Low income households20112006Change
Labour force statusNumber%VictoriaNumber%Victoria2006 to 2011
Total labour force (Participation rate)2,54931.127.31,41327.423.6+1,136
Not in the labour force5,51567.270.83,61370.173.9+1,902
Labour force status not stated1391.71.91272.52.5+12

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Employment status, 2011
Employment status, 2011 Employed, Victoria: 78.1% Employed full-time, Victoria: 25.9% Employed part-time, Victoria: 45.7% Employed, away from work, Victoria: 3.9% Employed, hours not stated, Victoria: 2.6% Unemployed (Unemployment rate), Victoria: 21.9% Looking for full-time work, Victoria: 12.8% Looking for part-time work, Victoria: 9.0% Employed, City of Melton: 74.3% Employed full-time, City of Melton: 27.9% Employed part-time, City of Melton: 40.5% Employed, away from work, City of Melton: 4.0% Employed, hours not stated, City of Melton: 1.9% Unemployed (Unemployment rate), City of Melton: 25.7% Looking for full-time work, City of Melton: 17.3% Looking for part-time work, City of Melton: 8.4%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented by .id, the population experts.
Change in employment status, 2006 to 2011
Change in employment status, 2006 to 2011 Employed, City of Melton: +959 Employed full-time, City of Melton: +368 Employed part-time, City of Melton: +531 Employed, away from work, City of Melton: +58 Employed, hours not stated, City of Melton: +2 Unemployed (Unemployment rate), City of Melton: +177 Looking for full-time work, City of Melton: +124 Looking for part-time work, City of Melton: +53
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

The size of the City of Melton's labour force in low income households in 2011 was 2,549, of which 1,033 were employed part-time and 711 were full time workers.

Analysis of the employment status of people in low income households (as a percentage of the labour force) in the City of Melton in 2011 compared to Victoria shows that there was a lower proportion of people in low income households in employment, and a higher proportion unemployed. Overall, 74.3% of the labour force was employed (23.1% of the population aged 15+), and 25.7% unemployed (8.0% of the population aged 15+), compared with 78.1% and 21.9% respectively for Victoria.

The labour force participation rate refers to the proportion of the population over 15 years of age that was employed or actively looking for work. "The labour force is a fundamental input to domestic production. Its size and composition are therefore crucial factors in economic growth. From the viewpoint of social development, earnings from paid work are a major influence on levels of economic well-being." (Australian Social Trends 1995).

Analysis of the labour force participation rate of people in low income households in the City of Melton in 2011 shows that there was a higher proportion in the labour force (31.1%) compared with Victoria (27.3%).

Emerging groups

Between 2006 and 2011, the number of people in low income households employed in the City of Melton showed an increase of 959, and the number unemployed showed an increase of 177. In the same period, the number of people in low income households in the labour force showed an increase of 1,136 or 80.4%.