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City of Melton

Low income households - Five year age groups

There were 10,579 people in low income households living in the City of Melton, with largest age group being 0 to 4 year olds in 2011.

The age structure of the population is a key indicator of the residential role and function of an area, and who it houses. For low income households the age breakdown can tell the story of the area, in terms of whether the low incomes are predominantly due to age (eg. aged pensioners) or other factors. Areas with high pensioner populations, or tertiary students may both have low incomes but for different reasons.

Five year age groups present a classic age profile of the population. Each age group covers exactly five years, which enables direct comparison between each group.

To get a more complete picture the City of Melton's Age Structure for those in low income households should be viewed in conjunction with Dwelling Types, Tenure, and Occupations.

Derived from the Census question:

'What is the person's date of birth (or age last birthday)?'

People in low income households, counted in private dwellings

Five year age groups
City of Melton - Low income households20112006Change
Five year age groups (years)Number%VictoriaNumber%Victoria2006 to 2011
0 to 49438.94.64677.33.9+476
5 to 98638.24.84817.64.4+382
10 to 147367.04.74326.84.5+304
15 to 194404.24.52704.24.7+170
20 to 243042.95.81933.05.4+111
25 to 295094.84.02544.03.4+255
30 to 346576.23.74046.43.6+253
35 to 396866.54.24216.64.3+265
40 to 446255.94.53295.24.4+296
45 to 494494.24.22724.34.2+177
50 to 544244.04.33395.34.4+85
55 to 596265.95.44817.66.2+145
60 to 649078.68.15428.58.0+365
65 to 698568.19.14747.59.7+382
70 to 746366.09.14206.69.7+216
75 to 794524.37.92994.79.0+153
80 to 843012.86.41872.96.4+114
85 and over1651.64.7901.44.0+75

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Five year age groups, 2011
Five year age groups, 2011 85 and over, Victoria: 4.7% 80 to 84, Victoria: 6.4% 75 to 79, Victoria: 7.9% 70 to 74, Victoria: 9.1% 65 to 69, Victoria: 9.1% 60 to 64, Victoria: 8.1% 55 to 59, Victoria: 5.4% 50 to 54, Victoria: 4.3% 45 to 49, Victoria: 4.2% 40 to 44, Victoria: 4.5% 35 to 39, Victoria: 4.2% 30 to 34, Victoria: 3.7% 25 to 29, Victoria: 4.0% 20 to 24, Victoria: 5.8% 15 to 19, Victoria: 4.5% 10 to 14, Victoria: 4.7% 5 to 9, Victoria: 4.8% 0 to 4, Victoria: 4.6% 85 and over, City of Melton: 1.6% 80 to 84, City of Melton: 2.8% 75 to 79, City of Melton: 4.3% 70 to 74, City of Melton: 6.0% 65 to 69, City of Melton: 8.1% 60 to 64, City of Melton: 8.6% 55 to 59, City of Melton: 5.9% 50 to 54, City of Melton: 4.0% 45 to 49, City of Melton: 4.2% 40 to 44, City of Melton: 5.9% 35 to 39, City of Melton: 6.5% 30 to 34, City of Melton: 6.2% 25 to 29, City of Melton: 4.8% 20 to 24, City of Melton: 2.9% 15 to 19, City of Melton: 4.2% 10 to 14, City of Melton: 7.0% 5 to 9, City of Melton: 8.2% 0 to 4, City of Melton: 8.9%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented by .id, the population experts.
Change in five year age groups, 2006 to 2011
Change in five year age groups, 2006 to 2011 85 and over, City of Melton: +75 80 to 84, City of Melton: +114 75 to 79, City of Melton: +153 70 to 74, City of Melton: +216 65 to 69, City of Melton: +382 60 to 64, City of Melton: +365 55 to 59, City of Melton: +145 50 to 54, City of Melton: +85 45 to 49, City of Melton: +177 40 to 44, City of Melton: +296 35 to 39, City of Melton: +265 30 to 34, City of Melton: +253 25 to 29, City of Melton: +255 20 to 24, City of Melton: +111 15 to 19, City of Melton: +170 10 to 14, City of Melton: +304 5 to 9, City of Melton: +382 0 to 4, City of Melton: +476
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the five year age groups for low income households in the City of Melton in 2011 compared to Victoria, shows that there was a similar proportion of people in low income households in the younger age groups (under 15) and a lower proportion in the older age groups (65+).

Overall, 24.0% of people in low income households were aged between 0 and 15, and 22.8% were aged 65 years and over, compared with 14.1% and 37.1% respectively for Victoria.

The major differences between the five year age groups of low income households in the City of Melton and Victoria were:

  • A larger percentage of people aged 0 to 4 (8.9% compared to 4.6%)
  • A larger percentage of people aged 5 to 9 (8.2% compared to 4.8%)
  • A smaller percentage of people aged 75 to 79 (4.3% compared to 7.9%)
  • A smaller percentage of people aged 80 to 84 (2.8% compared to 6.4%)

Emerging groups

From 2006 to 2011, the number of people in low income households increased by 4,224 people (66.5%) in the City of Melton. This represents an average annual population change of 10.73% per year over the period.

The largest changes in age structure of low income households in this area between 2006 and 2011 were in the age groups:

  • 0 to 4 (+476 persons)
  • 5 to 9 (+382 persons)
  • 65 to 69 (+382 persons)
  • 60 to 64 (+365 persons)