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City of Melton

Life-stages - Employment status

In 2011, 6,412 people aged 18 to 24 years living in the City of Melton were employed, of which 56.9% were working full time and 36.3% part time.

Employment statistics are an important indicator of socio-economic status. The levels of full or part-time employment, unemployment and labour force participation indicate the strength of the local economy and social characteristics of the population. Typically, unemployment among youth (under 25) and seniors (over 55) are regarded as important indicators of social cohesion.

The participation rate is another indicator - defined as the percentage of the population in the labour force, it applies to all people over 15, and tends to peak among people in their 30s, while being lower for age groups with a lot of students, retirees, and where one partner has child care responsibilities. A high participation rate may indicate a place people settle to be near employment, while a low one for a particular age group could indicate many retirees or discouraged job seekers.

Derived from the Census question:

'Last week did the person have a full time or part time job of any kind?'

People aged 18 to 24 years

Employment status
City of Melton - 18 to 24 years20112006Change
Employment statusNumber%VictoriaNumber%Victoria2006 to 2011
Employed6,41287.988.95,22489.489.8+1,188
Employed full-time3,64950.043.63,22055.146.6+429
Employed part-time2,32931.939.41,57827.036.8+751
Employed, away from work1662.33.01572.72.6+9
Employed, hours not stated2683.73.02694.63.7-1
Unemployed (Unemployment rate)88312.111.162010.610.2+263
Looking for full-time work5737.95.64227.25.8+151
Looking for part-time work3104.25.51983.44.4+112

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Labour force status
City of Melton - 18 to 24 years20112006Change
Labour force statusNumber%VictoriaNumber%Victoria2006 to 2011
Total labour force (Participation rate)7,29572.670.45,84476.572.0+1,451
Not in the labour force2,24822.424.61,42618.721.9+822
Labour force status not stated5115.15.03714.96.1+140

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Employment status, 2011
Employment status, 2011 Employed, Victoria: 88.9% Employed full-time, Victoria: 43.6% Employed part-time, Victoria: 39.4% Employed, away from work, Victoria: 3.0% Employed, hours not stated, Victoria: 3.0% Unemployed (Unemployment rate), Victoria: 11.1% Looking for full-time work, Victoria: 5.6% Looking for part-time work, Victoria: 5.5% Employed, City of Melton: 87.9% Employed full-time, City of Melton: 50.0% Employed part-time, City of Melton: 31.9% Employed, away from work, City of Melton: 2.3% Employed, hours not stated, City of Melton: 3.7% Unemployed (Unemployment rate), City of Melton: 12.1% Looking for full-time work, City of Melton: 7.9% Looking for part-time work, City of Melton: 4.2%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in atlas.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in employment status, 2006 to 2011
Change in employment status, 2006 to 2011 Employed, City of Melton: +1,188 Employed full-time, City of Melton: +429 Employed part-time, City of Melton: +751 Employed, away from work, City of Melton: +9 Employed, hours not stated, City of Melton: -1 Unemployed (Unemployment rate), City of Melton: +263 Looking for full-time work, City of Melton: +151 Looking for part-time work, City of Melton: +112
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in atlas.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

The size of the City of Melton's labour force aged 18 to 24 years in 2011 was 7,295 persons, of which 2,329 were employed part-time and 3,649 were full time workers.

Analysis of the employment status of people aged 18 to 24 years (as a percentage of the labour force) in the City of Melton in 2011 compared to Victoria shows that there was a lower proportion in employment, and a higher proportion unemployed. Overall, 87.9% of the labour force aged 18 to 24 years was employed (63.8% of the population aged 15+), and 12.1% unemployed (8.8% of the population aged 15+), compared with 88.9% and 11.1% respectively for Victoria.

The labour force participation rate refers to the proportion of the population over 15 years of age that was employed or actively looking for work. "The labour force is a fundamental input to domestic production. Its size and composition are therefore crucial factors in economic growth. From the viewpoint of social development, earnings from paid work are a major influence on levels of economic well-being." (Australian Social Trends 1995).

Analysis of the labour force participation rate of the population aged 18 to 24 years in the City of Melton in 2011 shows that there was a higher proportion in the labour force (72.6%) compared with Victoria (70.4%).

Emerging groups

Between 2006 and 2011, the number of people aged 18 to 24 years employed in the City of Melton showed an increase of 1,188 persons and the number unemployed showed an increase of 263 persons. In the same period, the number of people in the labour force showed an increase of 1,451 persons, or 24.8%.