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Macarthur Region

Language spoken at home

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This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for all areas. What's this?

In the Macarthur Region, 22% of people spoke a language other than English at home in 2016.

The Macarthur Region's language statistics show the proportion of the population who speak a language at home other than English. They indicate how culturally diverse a population is and the degree to which different ethnic groups and nationalities are retaining their language.

The Macarthur Region's language statistics should be analysed in conjunction with Country of Birth and Proficiency in English to assist in identifying specific cultural and ethnic groups in the area and the services required by the multicultural community.

Please note: Due to changes in ABS rules around perturbation and additivity of data to protect the confidentiality of individuals in 2016, counts of individual language groups and totals derived from them may differ slightly from those published by the ABS. For more information see notes on data confidentiality.

Derived from the Census question:

'Does the person speak a language other than English at home?'

Total population

Language spoken at home - Ranked by size
Macarthur Region - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
Language (excludes English)Number%Greater Sydney %Number%Greater Sydney %2011 to 2016
Arabic6,7152.44.04,6701.94.1+2,045
Bengali4,7371.70.62,5761.00.5+2,161
Hindi4,4381.61.33,2511.31.2+1,187
Filipino/Tagalog3,8971.41.33,3101.31.2+587
Spanish3,8581.41.23,1751.31.1+683
Samoan3,5911.30.33,1181.30.3+473
Mandarin2,2730.84.71,1230.53.0+1,150
Italian2,0880.71.32,0550.81.6+33
Urdu1,6010.60.68040.30.4+797
Cantonese1,5520.52.91,3620.63.0+190
Vietnamese1,4470.52.11,0250.41.9+422
Greek1,4130.51.61,1860.51.8+227
Punjabi1,3530.50.67490.30.4+604
Nepali1,3330.50.71860.10.4+1,147
Croatian1,0920.40.49150.40.5+177
Lao1,0620.40.11,0120.40.1+50
Malayalam1,0080.40.23760.20.1+632
Serbian8500.30.46770.30.4+173
Tongan8180.30.27410.30.2+77
Polish7690.30.37290.30.3+40
Marathi7650.30.15480.20.1+217
Indonesian7170.30.65490.20.5+168
Persian/Dari7040.20.74610.20.5+243
Khmer6900.20.25410.20.2+149
Maltese6790.20.26150.30.3+64
Thai6730.20.44550.20.3+218
French6560.20.46330.30.4+23
Tamil6370.20.64480.20.5+189
German5690.20.36040.20.4-35
Russian5280.20.44250.20.4+103
Sinhalese5190.20.23420.10.2+177
Non-verbal so described5080.20.22530.10.1+255
Assyrian/Aramaic5010.20.61540.10.5+347
Macedonian4830.20.44570.20.4+26
Portuguese4120.10.42650.10.3+147
Afrikaans3400.10.13350.10.1+5
Turkish3340.10.41990.10.5+135
Fijian3140.10.12720.10.1+42
Gujarati3110.10.41480.10.3+163
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Excludes languages with fewer than 20 people speaking them at home, or less than 0.1% of the total population.

Language spoken at home - Summary
Macarthur Region - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
Language summaryNumber%Greater Sydney %Number%Greater Sydney %2011 to 2016
Speaks English only206,85972.958.4190,29577.462.3+16,564
Non-English total61,69721.735.844,79518.232.4+16,902
Not stated15,1305.35.810,8574.45.3+4,273

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Language spoken at home, 2016
Language spoken at home, 2016 Arabic, Greater Sydney: 4.0% Bengali, Greater Sydney: 0.6% Hindi, Greater Sydney: 1.3% Filipino/Tagalog, Greater Sydney: 1.3% Spanish, Greater Sydney: 1.2% Samoan, Greater Sydney: 0.3% Mandarin, Greater Sydney: 4.7% Italian, Greater Sydney: 1.3% Urdu, Greater Sydney: 0.6% Cantonese, Greater Sydney: 2.9% Arabic, Macarthur Region: 2.4% Bengali, Macarthur Region: 1.7% Hindi, Macarthur Region: 1.6% Filipino/Tagalog, Macarthur Region: 1.4% Spanish, Macarthur Region: 1.4% Samoan, Macarthur Region: 1.3% Mandarin, Macarthur Region: 0.8% Italian, Macarthur Region: 0.7% Urdu, Macarthur Region: 0.6% Cantonese, Macarthur Region: 0.5%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in language spoken at home, 2011 to 2016
Change in language spoken at home, 2011 to 2016 Arabic, Macarthur Region: +2,045 Bengali, Macarthur Region: +2,161 Hindi, Macarthur Region: +1,187 Filipino/Tagalog, Macarthur Region: +587 Spanish, Macarthur Region: +683 Samoan, Macarthur Region: +473 Mandarin, Macarthur Region: +1,150 Italian, Macarthur Region: +33 Urdu, Macarthur Region: +797 Cantonese, Macarthur Region: +190
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the language spoken at home by the population of the Macarthur Region in 2016 compared to Greater Sydney shows that there was a larger proportion of people who spoke English only, and a smaller proportion of those speaking a non-English language (either exclusively, or in addition to English).

Overall, 72.9% of the population spoke English only, and 21.7% spoke a non-English language, compared with 58.4% and 35.8% respectively for Greater Sydney.

The dominant language spoken at home, other than English, in the Macarthur Region was Arabic, with 2.4% of the population, or 6,715 people speaking this language at home.

The major differences between the languages spoken at home for the population of the Macarthur Region and Greater Sydney in 2016 were:

  • A smaller percentage speaking Mandarin at home (0.8% compared to 4.7%)
  • A smaller percentage speaking Cantonese at home (0.5% compared to 2.9%)
  • A smaller percentage speaking Arabic at home (2.4% compared to 4.0%)
  • A smaller percentage speaking Vietnamese at home (0.5% compared to 2.1%)

Emerging groups

Between 2011 and 2016, the number of people who spoke a language other than English at home increased by 16,902 or 37.7%, and the number of people who spoke English only increased by 16,564 or 8.7%.

The largest changes in the spoken languages of the population in the Macarthur Region between 2011 and 2016 were for those speaking:

  • Bengali (+2,161 persons)
  • Arabic (+2,045 persons)
  • Hindi (+1,187 persons)
  • Mandarin (+1,150 persons)

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