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City of Knox

Overseas born - Language spoken at home

In 2011, 55.9% of overseas born people in the City of Knox, spoke a language other than English at home.

The City of Knox's language statistics show the proportion of the overseas-born population who speak a language at home other than English. They indicate how linguistically diverse a population is, and whether most migrants are from English speaking countries or non-English speaking countries. This topic also shows those languages spoken specifically by the first-generation migrants (those born overseas) so as to separate them from those born in Australia who speak another language.

Some countries, such as India, have a variety of languages spoken there, so the language spoken can indicate the region of the country of origin. Languages such as Arabic and Spanish are spoken in a range of different countries.

The City of Knox's language statistics should be analysed in conjunction with Proficiency in English to assist in identifying specific cultural and ethnic groups in the area and the services required by the multicultural community.

Derived from the Census question:

'Does the person speak a language other than English at home?'

People born overseas

Language spoken at home - Ranked by size
City of Knox - Overseas born20112006Change
LanguageNumber%Greater MelbourneNumber%Greater Melbourne2006 to 2011
English18,07643.634.318,37549.737.4-299
Mandarin3,1927.76.91,6164.45.1+1,576
Cantonese3,0987.54.42,6177.14.9+481
Sinhalese1,3173.21.98222.21.3+495
German1,0032.41.01,0112.71.1-8
Italian9672.34.91,0532.86.5-86
Tamil8592.11.16221.70.9+237
Hindi8582.12.25651.51.5+293
Arabic7601.83.07522.02.9+8
Vietnamese6941.74.56211.74.6+73
Greek6691.64.06721.85.2-3
Persian/Dari5461.31.04401.20.7+106
Spanish5241.31.64841.31.7+40
Polish5081.20.95241.41.2-16
Tagalog4651.11.13430.90.9+122
Punjabi4501.12.12680.70.6+182
Min Nan (incl. Hokkien)3860.90.33020.80.3+84
Filipino3830.91.02990.80.8+84
Dutch3680.90.44341.20.5-66
Hungarian3680.90.43761.00.5-8
Gujarati3410.80.7710.20.2+270
Khmer3380.80.73230.90.7+15
Indonesian3250.80.91920.50.8+133
French2740.70.92650.70.8+9
Malayalam2490.60.6900.20.2+159
Croatian2460.61.02680.71.2-22
Serbian2370.60.92300.61.1+7
Korean2370.60.71130.30.5+124
Afrikaans2300.60.31560.40.2+74
Russian1690.41.01070.31.1+62
Thai1540.40.51010.30.4+53
Urdu1500.40.7810.20.4+69
Romanian1360.30.31390.40.3-3
Armenian1340.30.11100.30.1+24
Malay1290.30.3530.10.2+76
Marathi1280.30.2600.20.1+68
Chinese, nfd1240.30.5800.20.3+44
Telugu1210.30.5870.20.3+34
Lao1160.30.11230.30.1-7
Bengali1130.30.41120.30.3+1
Nepali1130.30.3580.20.1+55
Turkish1130.31.31140.31.4-1
Latvian1130.30.11210.30.1-8
Japanese880.20.4870.20.4+1
Hakka780.20.3730.20.3+5
Portuguese730.20.3460.10.3+27
Maltese720.21.0790.21.2-7
Southern Asian Languages, nfd710.20.2600.20.2+11
Macedonian650.21.3670.21.6-2
Pashto610.10.1350.10.1+26
Mauritian Creole580.10.1170.00.0+41
Czech500.10.1550.10.1-5
Samoan490.10.5350.10.4+14
Tongan480.10.1220.10.1+26
Kannada480.10.2380.10.1+10
Bosnian450.10.4530.10.4-8
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Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Excludes languages with fewer than 10 people speaking them at home, or less than 0.1% of the total population.

Language spoken at home - Summary
City of Knox - Overseas born20112006Change
Language summaryNumber%Greater MelbourneNumber%Greater Melbourne2006 to 2011
Speaks English only18,07643.634.318,37549.737.4-299
Non-English total23,18055.965.018,28649.561.8+4,894
Not stated / Inadequately described2440.60.73040.80.8-60

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Language spoken at home, 2011
Language spoken at home, 2011 English, Greater Melbourne: 34.3% Mandarin, Greater Melbourne: 6.9% Cantonese, Greater Melbourne: 4.4% Sinhalese, Greater Melbourne: 1.9% German, Greater Melbourne: 1.0% Italian, Greater Melbourne: 4.9% Tamil, Greater Melbourne: 1.1% Hindi, Greater Melbourne: 2.2% Arabic, Greater Melbourne: 3.0% Vietnamese, Greater Melbourne: 4.5% English, City of Knox: 43.6% Mandarin, City of Knox: 7.7% Cantonese, City of Knox: 7.5% Sinhalese, City of Knox: 3.2% German, City of Knox: 2.4% Italian, City of Knox: 2.3% Tamil, City of Knox: 2.1% Hindi, City of Knox: 2.1% Arabic, City of Knox: 1.8% Vietnamese, City of Knox: 1.7%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in language spoken at home, 2006 to 2011
Change in language spoken at home, 2006 to 2011 English, City of Knox: -299 Mandarin, City of Knox: +1,576 Cantonese, City of Knox: +481 Sinhalese, City of Knox: +495 German, City of Knox: -8 Italian, City of Knox: -86 Tamil, City of Knox: +237 Hindi, City of Knox: +293 Arabic, City of Knox: +8 Vietnamese, City of Knox: +73
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the language spoken at home by the overseas born population in the City of Knox in 2011 compared to Greater Melbourne shows that there was a larger proportion of people who spoke English only, and a smaller proportion of those speaking a non-English language (either exclusively, or in addition to English).

Overall, 43.6% of the overseas born population spoke English only, and 55.9% spoke a non-English language, compared with 34.3% and 65.0% respectively for Greater Melbourne.

The dominant language spoken at home by the overseas born population, other than English, in the City of Knox was Mandarin, with 7.7% of the population, or 3,192 people speaking this language at home.

The major differences between the languages spoken at home for the overseas born population in the City of Knox and Greater Melbourne were:

  • A larger percentage speaking Cantonese at home (7.5% compared to 4.4%)
  • A smaller percentage speaking Vietnamese at home (1.7% compared to 4.5%)
  • A smaller percentage speaking Italian at home (2.3% compared to 4.9%)
  • A smaller percentage speaking Greek at home (1.6% compared to 4.0%)

Emerging groups

Between 2006 and 2011, the number of overseas born people who spoke a language other than English at home increased by 4,894 or 26.8%, and the number of people who spoke English only decreased by 299 or 1.6%.

The largest changes in the spoken languages of the population in the City of Knox between 2006 and 2011 were for those speaking:

  • Mandarin (+1,576 persons)
  • Sinhalese (+495 persons)
  • Cantonese (+481 persons)
  • Hindi (+293 persons)