City of KnoxCommunity profile

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City of Knox

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for the City of Knox is 160,665, with a population density of 14.12 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

The City of Knox is located in Melbourne's eastern suburbs, between 20 and 25 kilometres south-east of the Melbourne CBD. The City of Knox is bounded by the City of Maroondah in the north, Yarra Ranges Shire in the east, the City of Casey in the south, and the Cities of Monash, Whitehorse and Greater Dandenong in the west. The City's boundaries are the Dandenong Creek in the north and west, the western boundary of the Dandenong Ranges National Park, Burwood Highway, Royal Street, Wynette Avenue, George Street, Victoria Ridge, Fern Road, New Road, Glenfern Road, Lysterfield Road and the Powells and Casuarina Fire Tracks through Lysterfield Park in the east, and Police Road, the northern boundary of Churchill National Park and a line through Lysterfield Park in the south.

Name origin

Knox is named after Sir George Knox, former local and state parliamentarian.

Settlement history

European settlement dates from 1838 when a cattle run was established in the Rowville and Lysterfield area. Population was minimal until the 1860s, with growth particularly in Bayswater and Ferntree Gully. More substantial growth took place in the late 1800s, spurred by the improved access brought about by the opening of the railway to Upper Ferntree Gully in 1889. Generally areas further from the railway line such as Wantirna, Scoresby and Knoxfield developed from the post-war years. Rapid residential growth took place from the 1960s, accompanied by commercial and industrial growth from the 1970s. Rowville and Lysterfield did not experience significant development until the 1980s and 1990s respectively. The population of the City grew from about 21,000 in 1961 to 57,000 in 1971, and then to 89,000 in 1981. The population continued to increase from the 1990s, rising from 124,000 in 1991 to over 147,000 in 2011. Recent growth has largely been in Lysterfield and Rowville.

Land use
Land use 14% 55% 25% 7%

Land use

The City of Knox is a predominantly residential area, with some commercial, industrial and rural areas. The City encompasses a total land area of 114 square kilometres.


The City of Knox is served by Eastlink, Burwood Highway, Mountain Highway, Stud Road, Wellington Road and the Belgrave railway line.

Major features

Major features of the City include Westfield Knox Shopping Centre (including Knox O-Zone), Caribbean Gardens Market, Angliss Hospital, Chesterfield Farm, Knox Basketball Stadium, Knox Regional Netball Centre, Knox Leisureworks (swimming pool), Swinburne University of Technology TAFE Division (Wantirna Campus), part of the Dandenong Ranges National Park, Bayswater Park, Dandenong Valley Parklands, Gilbert Park, Kings Park, Knox Park, Koomba Park, Lewis Park, Lysterfield Park, Nortons Park, Tim Neville Arboretum, Stamford Park Homestead, Caribbean Rollerama and National Steam Centre.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Knox area were Wurundjeri and Bununrong Aboriginal people.

Included areas

The City of Knox includes the suburbs of Bayswater, Boronia, Ferntree Gully, Knoxfield, Lysterfield (part), Rowville, Scoresby, The Basin, Upper Ferntree Gully (part), Wantirna and Wantirna South, and a small part of the suburb of Sassafras.