About the profile areas
The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for Mountains North is 2,804, with a population density of 0.07 persons per hectare.
Location and boundaries
Mountains North is bounded by Cessnock City and Wyong Shire in the north, the suburbs of Niagara Park, Narara and West Gosford in the east, the suburbs and localities of Kariong, Mooney Mooney Creek, Calga, Glenworth Valley, Greengrove, Lower Mangrove and Gunderman in the south and Hawkesbury City in the west.
2016 ABS ERP
hectares (419 Km2)
persons per hectare
Settlement of the Mangrove Creek area dates from the early 1830s. The relative inaccessibility of some Plateau areas led to a slower rate of settlement than that experienced in many coastal communities. In the 1900s, timber getting, passionfruit growing and citrus orchards became economic mainstays of the Plateau. Improved roads in the area led to agricultural, tourism and infrastructure support growth in the 1950s and 1960s. Large numbers of poultry farms were established in the Kulnura area in the post WW2 era. The population generally increased slightly from the early 1990s as new dwellings were added to the area.
Mountains North is a predominantly rural area, with some industrial land use. The main land uses are National Park and State Forest, with some quarries and farms.
Major features of the area include Brisbane Water National Park, Dharug National Park, Popran National Park, a small part of Yengo National Park, Jilliby State Conservation Area, Mangrove Creek Dam, Mooney Mooney Dam, McPherson State Forest, Ourimbah State Forest, Strickland State Forest, Strickland Falls, Mount Penang Parklands, Somersby Falls Picnic Area, Girrakool Picnic Area, Mount Penang Gardens, Ourimbah Nature Reserve, Howe Aboriginal Area, Australian Reptile Park, Mangrove Mountain Memorial Club & Golf Course, The Springs Golf Club, Southern Cross Outdoor Education Centre, Mountain District Sports Park, Fred Pinkstone Oval, Mangrove Mountain District Oval, Somersby Recreation Reserve, Gosford Lookout, Frank Baxter Juvenile Justice Centre, Kariong Juvenile Correctional Centre and a number of schools.
Mountains North includes the localities of Central Mangrove, Mangrove Creek, Mangrove Mountain, Peats Ridge, Somersby, Ten Mile Hollow and Upper Mangrove, the Gosford City part of the locality of Kulnura, and a small part of the locality of Kariong.