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City of Parramatta

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for City of Parramatta is 235,981, with a population density of 38.45 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

The City of Parramatta is located in Sydney's western suburbs, about 24 kilometres from the Sydney GPO. The City of Parramatta is bounded by The Hills Shire and Hornsby Shire in the north, the City of Ryde in the east, Auburn City, Bankstown City and Fairfield City in the south and Holroyd City and Blacktown City in the west.

Name origin

Parramatta is named from an Aboriginal word meaning "the place where eels lie down". It was originally known as Rose Hill.

Settlement history

European settlement of the area dates from 1788, with land used mainly for farming. The township was established in 1790, with development starting south of the Parramatta River, then progressing to the north. Growth was minimal until the 1850s, aided by the construction of the railway line. Expansion continued in the late 1800s, with Parramatta becoming a commercial centre for the western Sydney area. Growth continued in the 1920s. The most significant development occurred during the post-war years, aided by industrial growth, immigration and the establishment of several public housing estates. The population boomed during the 1950s and 1960s. Growth continued from the 1970s, although at a slower rate. The population continued to increase slightly from the early 1990s, rising from about 133,000 in 1991 to about 168,000 in 2011. Most of this growth was due to urban consolidation (medium and high density housing).

Land use

The City of Parramatta is a predominantly residential area with substantial institutional, industrial and commercial land use. The City encompasses a total land area of about 61 square kilometres.


The City of Parramatta is served by the Western (M4) Motorway, the Great Western Highway and the main western, main northern and Carlingford railway lines.

Major features

Major features of the City include Westfield Parramatta Shopping Centre, the Parramatta CBD, Westmead Hospital, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, TAFE NSW South Western Sydney Institute (Granville College), University of Western Sydney (Parramatta Campus and Westmead Precinct), Old Government House, Elizabeth Farm, Parramatta Heritage Centre, Rosehill Gardens Racecourse, Parramatta City Raceway, Parramatta Stadium, Parramatta Park, Lake Parramatta and the Parramatta River.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Parramatta area were the Dharug Aboriginal people.

Included areas

The City of Parramatta includes the suburbs of Baulkham Hills (part), Camellia, Carlingford (part), Chester Hill (part), Clyde, Constitution Hill, Dundas, Dundas Valley, Eastwood (part), Epping (part), Ermington, Granville (part), Guildford (part), Harris Park, Melrose Park (part), Merrylands (part), North Parramatta (part), Northmead (part), Oatlands (part), Old Toongabbie, Parramatta (part), Pendle Hill (part), Rosehill, Rydalmere, Seven Hills (part), South Granville, Telopea, Toongabbie (part), Wentworthville, Westmead (part) and Winston Hills (part).