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Auburn City

About the profile areas

The 2015 Estimated Resident Population for Auburn City is 88,059, with a population density of 27.11 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

Auburn City is located in Sydney's western suburbs about 17 kilometres from the Sydney GPO. Auburn City is bounded by the Parramatta River in the north, the City of Canada Bay and the Strathfield Council area in the east, Bankstown City in the south and Parramatta City in the west.

Name origin

Auburn is thought to be named in honour of a poem by Oliver Goldsmith. It was originally known as Liberty Plains.

Settlement history

European settlement dates from 1792 when the first farms were established. Settlement continued slowly during the early 1800s, with land used mainly for sheep and cattle farming. Growth increased in the 1870s and 1880s, aided by the opening of railway lines and the establishment of many industries. Auburn developed as an industrial area throughout the early 1900s, increasing in population from 7,000 in 1901 to 37,000 in 1933. The most significant development took place from the 1930s to the 1960s, especially in the post-war period, with the population increasing to 42,000 in 1947. From the 1960s to the early 1980s the population declined slightly, falling from 49,000 in 1961 to 47,000 in 1986. From the late 1980s the population increased, rising from over 48,000 in 1991 to nearly 51,000 in 1996. Growth increased from 1996, with the population reaching nearly 65,000 in 2006, and then rising to 74,000 in 2011. Growth since the 1990s has been largely due to the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games, with extensive industrial lands in the north-eastern suburbs of Newington and Homebush Bay redeveloped for sporting, recreation, entertainment and housing, especially medium and high-density development. Growth is expected to continue, aided by rezoning and the development of former industrial and government land.

Land use

Auburn City is predominantly a residential and industrial area, but also has significant commercial, institutional, recreational and parkland areas. There are also substantial areas used for a prison and a cemetery. The City encompasses a total land area of about 32 square kilometres.

Transport

The City is served by the M4 Western Motorway and the Bankstown and Emu Plains/Richmond railway lines.

Major features

Major features of the City include Sydney Olympic Park, ANZ Stadium, Allphones Arena, Sydney Aquatic Centre, Sydney Athletics Centre, Sydney International Hockey Centre, State Sports Centre, Sydney Showground, Sydney International Tennis Centre, TAFE NSW South Western Sydney Institute (Lidcombe College), The University of Sydney (Cumberland Campus), Rookwood Necropolis (Cemetery), Silverwater Correctional Complex, Auburn Hospital, Auburn Botanic Gardens and Bicentennial Park.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Auburn area were the Wangal clan of the Eora Aboriginal tribe.

Included areas

Auburn City includes the suburbs of Auburn, Berala, Homebush West (part), Lidcombe, Newington, Regents Park (part), Rookwood, Silverwater, Sydney Olympic Park and Wentworth Point.

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