Central Coast NSWCommunity profile
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Valleys

About the profile areas

The 2016 Estimated Resident Population for Valleys is 4,337, with a population density of 0.08 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

Valleys is bounded by Cessnock City and Lake Macquarie City in the north, the Pacific Motorway in the east, the Wyong River, Yarramalong Road, the localities of Mardi and Ourimbah, Ourimbah Creek, the localities of Palm Grove and Somersby, Peats Ridge Road, The Springs Golf Club and the localities of Mangrove Mountain and Upper Mangrove in the south, and Hawkesbury City in the west.

Settlement history

Settlement of the area dates from the 1830s, with land used mainly for timber-getting and farming. Population was minimal until the 1850s, with some growth during the late 1800s. Large numbers of poultry farms were established in the post-war years, particularly in the Kulnura area. Some population growth took place during the 1950s and 1960s, aided by improved access. The most significant development occurred from the 1970s. The population increased during the 1990s as new dwellings were added to the area and dwelling occupancy rates increased. The population was relatively stable between 2001 and 2011, a result of few new dwellings being added and a decline in dwelling occupancy rates.

Land use

Valleys is a predominantly rural area, with rural-residential areas in several small townships. Land is used mainly for state forests, cattle grazing, fruit growing, chicken farming, turf growing and equestrian purposes.

Major features

Major features of the area include Jilliby State Conservation Area, Mangrove Creek Dam, McPherson State Forest, Olney State Forest, Wyong State Forest, Mangrove Mountain Memorial Club and Golf Course, Jack Gear Reserve, Kulnura Pioneer Park, Neill Park, The Paintball Place, Dooralong Transformation Centre, The Great North Walk, Buttonderry Waste Management Facility, Kulnura Pioneer Memorial Hall, Central Mangrove Public School, Dooralang Public School, Jilliby Public School, Kulnura Public School, Wyong Creek Public School and Yarramalong Public School.

Included areas

Valleys includes the localities of Alison, Cedar Brush Creek, Central Mangrove, Dooralong, Durren Durren, Jilliby, Kiar, Kulnura, Lemon Tree, Little Jilliby, Ravensdale, Wyong Creek and Yarramalong.

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