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Greater Melbourne

Method of travel to work

In Greater Melbourne 82,231 people rode their bike or walked to work in 2011.

Greater Melbourne's commuting statistics reveal the main modes of transport by which residents get to work. There are a number of reasons why people use different modes of transport to get to work including the availability of affordable and effective public transport options, the number of motor vehicles available within a household, and the distance travelled to work.

Commuting data is very useful in transport planning as it informs decision-makers about the availability, effectiveness and utilisation of local transport options, particularly when analysed with Residents Place of Work data and Car Ownership.

Derived from the Census question:

'How did the person get to work on Tuesday, 9 August 2011?'

Employed persons (aged 15 years and over)

Method of travel to work
Greater Melbourne - Employed persons (Enumerated)20111996Change
Main method of travelNumber%Victoria %Number%Victoria %1996 to 2011
Train192,06210.07.9101,1867.25.5+90,876
Bus29,0991.51.320,8861.51.3+8,213
Tram or Ferry43,4722.31.722,2191.61.2+21,253
Taxi4,1150.20.24,2000.30.3-85
Car - as driver1,164,17660.661.6882,70562.661.4+281,471
Car - as passenger83,4944.34.684,9936.06.1-1,499
Truck14,1760.70.800.00.0+14,176
Motorbike7,8840.40.45,1880.40.4+2,696
Bicycle25,5721.31.210,7280.80.9+14,844
Walked only56,6592.93.336,0402.63.4+20,619
Other20,0101.01.122,8281.61.7-2,818
Worked at home70,6513.74.356,5354.05.7+14,116
Did not go to work179,8089.49.9138,3769.810.2+41,432
Not stated29,8351.61.624,5801.71.8+5,255

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 1996 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Method of travel to work, 2011
Method of travel to work, 2011 Train, Victoria: 7.9% Bus, Victoria: 1.3% Tram or Ferry, Victoria: 1.7% Taxi, Victoria: 0.2% Car - as driver, Victoria: 61.6% Car - as passenger, Victoria: 4.6% Truck, Victoria: 0.8% Motorbike, Victoria: 0.4% Bicycle, Victoria: 1.2% Walked only, Victoria: 3.3% Other, Victoria: 1.1% Worked at home, Victoria: 4.3% Did not go to work, Victoria: 9.9% Not stated, Victoria: 1.6% Train, Greater Melbourne: 10.0% Bus, Greater Melbourne: 1.5% Tram or Ferry, Greater Melbourne: 2.3% Taxi, Greater Melbourne: 0.2% Car - as driver, Greater Melbourne: 60.6% Car - as passenger, Greater Melbourne: 4.3% Truck, Greater Melbourne: 0.7% Motorbike, Greater Melbourne: 0.4% Bicycle, Greater Melbourne: 1.3% Walked only, Greater Melbourne: 2.9% Other, Greater Melbourne: 1.0% Worked at home, Greater Melbourne: 3.7% Did not go to work, Greater Melbourne: 9.4% Not stated, Greater Melbourne: 1.6%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in method of travel to work, 1996 to 2011
Change in method of travel to work, 1996 to 2011 Train, Greater Melbourne: +90,876 Bus, Greater Melbourne: +8,213 Tram or Ferry, Greater Melbourne: +21,253 Taxi, Greater Melbourne: -85 Car - as driver, Greater Melbourne: +281,471 Car - as passenger, Greater Melbourne: -1,499 Truck, Greater Melbourne: +14,176 Motorbike, Greater Melbourne: +2,696 Bicycle, Greater Melbourne: +14,844 Walked only, Greater Melbourne: +20,619 Other, Greater Melbourne: -2,818 Worked at home, Greater Melbourne: +14,116 Did not go to work, Greater Melbourne: +41,432 Not stated, Greater Melbourne: +5,255
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 1996 and 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

In 2011, there were 264,633 people who caught public transport to work (train, bus, tram or ferry) in Greater Melbourne, compared with 1,269,730 who drove in private vehicles (car – as driver, car – as passenger, motorbike, or truck).

Analysis of the method of travel to work of the residents in Greater Melbourne in 2011, compared to Victoria, shows that 13.8% used public transport, while 66.1% used a private vehicle, compared with 11.0% and 67.4% respectively in Victoria.

The major difference in persons between the method of travel to work of Greater Melbourne and Victoria was:

  • A larger percentage of persons who travelled by train (10.0% compared to 7.9%)

Emerging groups

The number of employed people in Greater Melbourne increased by 510,550 between 1996 and 2011.

The largest changes in the method of travel to work by resident population in Greater Melbourne between 1996 and 2011 were for those nominated:

  • Car - as driver (+281,471 persons)
  • Train (+90,876 persons)
  • Did not go to work (+41,432 persons)
  • Tram or Ferry (+21,253 persons)

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