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Greater Melbourne

Method of travel to work

In Greater Melbourne 82,231 people rode their bike or walked to work in 2011.

Greater Melbourne's commuting statistics reveal the main modes of transport by which residents get to work. There are a number of reasons why people use different modes of transport to get to work including the availability of affordable and effective public transport options, the number of motor vehicles available within a household, and the distance travelled to work.

Commuting data is very useful in transport planning as it informs decision-makers about the availability, effectiveness and utilisation of local transport options, particularly when analysed with Residents Place of Work data and Car Ownership.

Derived from the Census question:

'How did the person get to work on Tuesday, 9 August 2011?'

Employed persons (aged 15 years and over)

Method of travel to work
Greater Melbourne - Employed persons (Enumerated)20112006Change
Main method of travelNumber%Northern Territory %Number%Northern Territory %2006 to 2011
Train192,06210.00.0143,9658.50.1+48,097
Bus29,0991.53.821,0841.24.1+8,015
Tram or Ferry43,4722.30.033,6652.00.0+9,807
Taxi4,1150.20.43,8050.20.4+310
Car - as driver1,164,17660.654.31,042,02761.251.0+122,149
Car - as passenger83,4944.37.980,1054.78.0+3,389
Truck14,1760.70.715,8800.90.9-1,704
Motorbike7,8840.41.47,7730.51.1+111
Bicycle25,5721.32.718,9131.12.8+6,659
Walked only56,6592.910.951,7243.011.5+4,935
Other20,0101.02.716,0430.92.0+3,967
Worked at home70,6513.72.862,6193.73.0+8,032
Did not go to work179,8089.410.5172,85010.213.0+6,958
Not stated29,8351.61.932,4051.92.1-2,570

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Method of travel to work, 2011
Method of travel to work, 2011 Train, Northern Territory: 0.0% Bus, Northern Territory: 3.8% Tram or Ferry, Northern Territory: 0.0% Taxi, Northern Territory: 0.4% Car - as driver, Northern Territory: 54.3% Car - as passenger, Northern Territory: 7.9% Truck, Northern Territory: 0.7% Motorbike, Northern Territory: 1.4% Bicycle, Northern Territory: 2.7% Walked only, Northern Territory: 10.9% Other, Northern Territory: 2.7% Worked at home, Northern Territory: 2.8% Did not go to work, Northern Territory: 10.5% Not stated, Northern Territory: 1.9% Train, Greater Melbourne: 10.0% Bus, Greater Melbourne: 1.5% Tram or Ferry, Greater Melbourne: 2.3% Taxi, Greater Melbourne: 0.2% Car - as driver, Greater Melbourne: 60.6% Car - as passenger, Greater Melbourne: 4.3% Truck, Greater Melbourne: 0.7% Motorbike, Greater Melbourne: 0.4% Bicycle, Greater Melbourne: 1.3% Walked only, Greater Melbourne: 2.9% Other, Greater Melbourne: 1.0% Worked at home, Greater Melbourne: 3.7% Did not go to work, Greater Melbourne: 9.4% Not stated, Greater Melbourne: 1.6%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in method of travel to work, 2006 to 2011
Change in method of travel to work, 2006 to 2011 Train, Greater Melbourne: +48,097 Bus, Greater Melbourne: +8,015 Tram or Ferry, Greater Melbourne: +9,807 Taxi, Greater Melbourne: +310 Car - as driver, Greater Melbourne: +122,149 Car - as passenger, Greater Melbourne: +3,389 Truck, Greater Melbourne: -1,704 Motorbike, Greater Melbourne: +111 Bicycle, Greater Melbourne: +6,659 Walked only, Greater Melbourne: +4,935 Other, Greater Melbourne: +3,967 Worked at home, Greater Melbourne: +8,032 Did not go to work, Greater Melbourne: +6,958 Not stated, Greater Melbourne: -2,570
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

In 2011, there were 264,633 people who caught public transport to work (train, bus, tram or ferry) in Greater Melbourne, compared with 1,269,730 who drove in private vehicles (car – as driver, car – as passenger, motorbike, or truck).

Analysis of the method of travel to work of the residents in Greater Melbourne in 2011, compared to Northern Territory, shows that 13.8% used public transport, while 66.1% used a private vehicle, compared with 3.8% and 64.3% respectively in Northern Territory.

The major differences in persons between the method of travel to work of Greater Melbourne and Northern Territory were:

  • A larger percentage of persons who travelled by train (10.0% compared to 0.0%)
  • A larger percentage of persons who travelled by car (as driver) (60.6% compared to 54.3%)
  • A smaller percentage of persons who walked only (2.9% compared to 10.9%)
  • A smaller percentage of persons who travelled by car (as a passenger) (4.3% compared to 7.9%)

Emerging groups

The number of employed people in Greater Melbourne increased by 218,154 between 2006 and 2011.

The largest changes in the method of travel to work by resident population in Greater Melbourne between 2006 and 2011 were for those nominated:

  • Car - as driver (+122,149 persons)
  • Train (+48,097 persons)
  • Tram or Ferry (+9,807 persons)
  • Worked at home (+8,032 persons)

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