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Greater Melbourne

Method of travel to work

In Greater Melbourne 92,930 people rode their bike or walked to work in 2016.

Greater Melbourne's commuting statistics reveal the main modes of transport by which residents get to work. There are a number of reasons why people use different modes of transport to get to work including the availability of affordable and effective public transport options, the number of motor vehicles available within a household, and the distance travelled to work.

Commuting data is very useful in transport planning as it informs decision-makers about the availability, effectiveness and utilisation of local transport options, particularly when analysed with Residents Place of Work data and Car Ownership.

Derived from the Census question:

'How did the person get to work on Tuesday, 9 August 2016?'

Employed persons aged 15 years and over

Method of travel to work
Greater Melbourne - Employed persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
Main method of travelNumber%Western Australia %Number%Western Australia %2011 to 2016
Train242,96911.54.9191,99610.05.1+50,973
Bus31,9371.54.329,2051.54.2+2,732
Tram or Ferry51,2812.40.043,1052.20.0+8,176
Taxi4,0320.20.23,9670.20.2+65
Car - as driver1,274,26460.263.31,165,46260.560.4+108,802
Car - as passenger81,7613.94.983,7464.35.8-1,985
Truck11,8940.60.714,2810.71.0-2,387
Motorbike7,6050.40.57,8680.40.6-263
Bicycle29,7151.41.025,6281.31.1+4,087
Walked only63,2153.02.856,3412.93.3+6,874
Other25,6361.22.020,5621.12.0+5,074
Worked at home88,6924.24.370,7083.74.0+17,984
Did not go to work183,7298.710.1185,0819.611.0-1,352
Not stated18,7560.91.129,9011.61.4-11,145

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Method of travel to work, 2016
Method of travel to work, 2016 Train, Western Australia: 4.9% Bus, Western Australia: 4.3% Tram or Ferry, Western Australia: 0.0% Taxi, Western Australia: 0.2% Car - as driver, Western Australia: 63.3% Car - as passenger, Western Australia: 4.9% Truck, Western Australia: 0.7% Motorbike, Western Australia: 0.5% Bicycle, Western Australia: 1.0% Walked only, Western Australia: 2.8% Other, Western Australia: 2.0% Worked at home, Western Australia: 4.3% Did not go to work, Western Australia: 10.1% Not stated, Western Australia: 1.1% Train, Greater Melbourne: 11.5% Bus, Greater Melbourne: 1.5% Tram or Ferry, Greater Melbourne: 2.4% Taxi, Greater Melbourne: 0.2% Car - as driver, Greater Melbourne: 60.2% Car - as passenger, Greater Melbourne: 3.9% Truck, Greater Melbourne: 0.6% Motorbike, Greater Melbourne: 0.4% Bicycle, Greater Melbourne: 1.4% Walked only, Greater Melbourne: 3.0% Other, Greater Melbourne: 1.2% Worked at home, Greater Melbourne: 4.2% Did not go to work, Greater Melbourne: 8.7% Not stated, Greater Melbourne: 0.9%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in method of travel to work, 2011 to 2016
Change in method of travel to work, 2011 to 2016 Train, Greater Melbourne: +50,973 Bus, Greater Melbourne: +2,732 Tram or Ferry, Greater Melbourne: +8,176 Taxi, Greater Melbourne: +65 Car - as driver, Greater Melbourne: +108,802 Car - as passenger, Greater Melbourne: -1,985 Truck, Greater Melbourne: -2,387 Motorbike, Greater Melbourne: -263 Bicycle, Greater Melbourne: +4,087 Walked only, Greater Melbourne: +6,874 Other, Greater Melbourne: +5,074 Worked at home, Greater Melbourne: +17,984 Did not go to work, Greater Melbourne: -1,352 Not stated, Greater Melbourne: -11,145
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

In 2016, there were 326,187 people who caught public transport to work (train, bus, tram or ferry) in Greater Melbourne, compared with 1,375,524 who drove in private vehicles (car – as driver, car – as passenger, motorbike, or truck).

Analysis of the method of travel to work of the residents in Greater Melbourne in 2016, compared to Western Australia, shows that 15.4% used public transport, while 65.0% used a private vehicle, compared with 9.2% and 69.4% respectively in Western Australia.

The major differences in persons between the method of travel to work of Greater Melbourne and Western Australia were:

  • A larger percentage of persons who travelled by train (11.5% compared to 4.9%)
  • A larger percentage of persons who travelled by tram or ferry (2.4% compared to 0.0%)
  • A smaller percentage of persons who travelled by car (as driver) (60.2% compared to 63.3%)
  • A smaller percentage of persons who travelled by bus (1.5% compared to 4.3%)

Emerging groups

The number of employed people in Greater Melbourne increased by 187,635 between 2011 and 2016.

The largest changes in the method of travel to work by resident population in Greater Melbourne between 2011 and 2016 were for those nominated:

  • Car - as driver (+108,802 persons)
  • Train (+50,973 persons)
  • Worked at home (+17,984 persons)
  • Tram or Ferry (+8,176 persons)

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