Service age groups
Greater Melbourne had a similar proportion of pre-schoolers and a lower proportion of persons at post retirement age than Victoria in 2016.
The Age Structure of Greater Melbourne provides key insights into the level of demand for age based services and facilities such as child care. It is an indicator of Greater Melbourne's residential role and function and how it is likely to change in the future.
Service age groups divide the population into age categories that reflect typical life-stages. They indicate the level of demand for services that target people at different stages in life and how that demand is changing.
Derived from the Census question:
'What is the person's date of birth or age?'
Please refer to specific data notes for more information
Analysis of the service age groups of Greater Melbourne in 2016 compared to Victoria shows that there was a similar proportion of people in the younger age groups (0 to 17 years) and a lower proportion of people in the older age groups (60+ years).
Overall, 21.7% of the population was aged between 0 and 17, and 19.0% were aged 60 years and over, compared with 21.7% and 21.0% respectively for Victoria.
The major differences between the age structure of Greater Melbourne and Victoria were:
- A larger percentage of 'Young workforce (25 to 34)' (16.3% compared to 15.0%)
- A smaller percentage of 'Empty nesters and retirees (60 to 69)' (9.3% compared to 10.3%)
- A smaller percentage of 'Seniors (70 to 84)' (7.7% compared to 8.5%)
From 2011 to 2016, Greater Melbourne's population increased by 485,267 people (12.1%). This represents an average annual population change of 2.32% per year over the period.
The largest changes in the age structure in this area between 2011 and 2016 were in the age groups:
- Young workforce (25 to 34) (+112,392 people)
- Parents and homebuilders (35 to 49) (+67,417 people)
- Empty nesters and retirees (60 to 69) (+59,842 people)
- Older workers and pre-retirees (50 to 59) (+53,365 people)