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Greater Melbourne
Industry sector of employment

More Greater Melbourne residents worked in health care and social assistance than any other industry in 2011.

Greater Melbourne’s industry statistics identify the industry sectors in which the residents work (which may be within the residing area or elsewhere). This will be influenced by the skill base and socio-economic status of the residents as well as the industries and employment opportunities present in the region.

When viewed in conjunction with Residents Place of Work data and Method of Travel to Work, industry sector statistics provide insights into the relationship between the economic and residential role of the area.

Derived from the two Census questions:

'What best describes the business of your employer?' and 'What are the main goods produced or main services provided by your employers business?'

Persons aged 15 years and over

Industry sector of employment
Greater Melbourne - (Usual residence)20112006Change
Industry sectorNumber%Australia %Number%Australia %2006 to 2011
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing9,9310.52.510,0820.63.1-151
Mining4,2920.21.82,9490.21.2+1,343
Manufacturing208,62910.89.0220,61112.910.5-11,982
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services18,4661.01.112,3540.71.0+6,112
Construction157,5688.28.2125,8817.47.8+31,687
Wholesale trade95,6925.04.093,9155.54.4+1,777
Retail Trade203,76010.610.5193,91311.311.3+9,847
Accommodation and Food Services112,9735.96.595,9385.66.3+17,035
Transport, Postal and Warehousing93,1944.84.880,8424.74.7+12,352
Information Media and Telecommunications43,6302.31.842,9352.51.9+695
Financial and Insurance Services92,5604.83.880,9324.73.8+11,628
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services28,7511.51.624,7231.41.7+4,028
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services172,2518.97.3140,9538.26.6+31,298
Administrative and Support Services67,6323.53.260,3583.53.1+7,274
Public Administration and Safety98,2375.16.984,8555.06.7+13,382
Education and Training153,1177.98.0130,2017.67.7+22,916
Health Care and Social Assistance213,49911.111.6171,73110.010.5+41,768
Arts and Recreation Services35,6401.81.529,3341.71.4+6,306
Other Services69,7423.63.862,2483.63.7+7,494
Inadequately described or not stated48,3672.52.346,6182.72.6+1,749

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2006 and 2011. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Industry sector of employment, 2011
Industry sector of employment, 2011 Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing, Australia: 2.5% Mining, Australia: 1.8% Manufacturing, Australia: 9.0% Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services, Australia: 1.1% Construction, Australia: 8.2% Wholesale trade, Australia: 4.0% Retail Trade, Australia: 10.5% Accommodation and Food Services, Australia: 6.5% Transport, Postal and Warehousing, Australia: 4.8% Information Media and Telecommunications, Australia: 1.8% Financial and Insurance Services, Australia: 3.8% Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services, Australia: 1.6% Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, Australia: 7.3% Administrative and Support Services, Australia: 3.2% Public Administration and Safety, Australia: 6.9% Education and Training, Australia: 8.0% Health Care and Social Assistance, Australia: 11.6% Arts and Recreation Services, Australia: 1.5% Other Services, Australia: 3.8% Inadequately described or not stated, Australia: 2.3% Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing, Greater Melbourne: 0.5% Mining, Greater Melbourne: 0.2% Manufacturing, Greater Melbourne: 10.8% Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services, Greater Melbourne: 1.0% Construction, Greater Melbourne: 8.2% Wholesale trade, Greater Melbourne: 5.0% Retail Trade, Greater Melbourne: 10.6% Accommodation and Food Services, Greater Melbourne: 5.9% Transport, Postal and Warehousing, Greater Melbourne: 4.8% Information Media and Telecommunications, Greater Melbourne: 2.3% Financial and Insurance Services, Greater Melbourne: 4.8% Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services, Greater Melbourne: 1.5% Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, Greater Melbourne: 8.9% Administrative and Support Services, Greater Melbourne: 3.5% Public Administration and Safety, Greater Melbourne: 5.1% Education and Training, Greater Melbourne: 7.9% Health Care and Social Assistance, Greater Melbourne: 11.1% Arts and Recreation Services, Greater Melbourne: 1.8% Other Services, Greater Melbourne: 3.6% Inadequately described or not stated, Greater Melbourne: 2.5%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in industry sector of employment, 2006 to 2011
Change in industry sector of employment, 2006 to 2011 Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing, Greater Melbourne: -151 Mining, Greater Melbourne: +1,343 Manufacturing, Greater Melbourne: -11,982 Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services, Greater Melbourne: +6,112 Construction, Greater Melbourne: +31,687 Wholesale trade, Greater Melbourne: +1,777 Retail Trade, Greater Melbourne: +9,847 Accommodation and Food Services, Greater Melbourne: +17,035 Transport, Postal and Warehousing, Greater Melbourne: +12,352 Information Media and Telecommunications, Greater Melbourne: +695 Financial and Insurance Services, Greater Melbourne: +11,628 Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services, Greater Melbourne: +4,028 Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, Greater Melbourne: +31,298 Administrative and Support Services, Greater Melbourne: +7,274 Public Administration and Safety, Greater Melbourne: +13,382 Education and Training, Greater Melbourne: +22,916 Health Care and Social Assistance, Greater Melbourne: +41,768 Arts and Recreation Services, Greater Melbourne: +6,306 Other Services, Greater Melbourne: +7,494 Inadequately described or not stated, Greater Melbourne: +1,749
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2006 and 2011 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

An analysis of the jobs held by the resident population in Greater Melbourne in 2011 shows the three most popular industry sectors were:

  • Health Care and Social Assistance (213,499 people or 11.1%)
  • Manufacturing (208,629 people or 10.8%)
  • Retail Trade (203,760 people or 10.6%)

In combination, these three industries employed 625,888 people in total or 32.5% of the total employed resident population.

In comparison, Australia employed 11.6% in Health Care and Social Assistance; 9.0% in Manufacturing; and 10.5% in Retail Trade.

The major differences between the jobs held by the population of Greater Melbourne and Australia were:

  • A larger percentage of persons employed in manufacturing (10.8% compared to 9.0%)
  • A larger percentage of persons employed in professional, scientific and technical services (8.9% compared to 7.3%)
  • A smaller percentage of persons employed in agriculture, forestry and fishing (0.5% compared to 2.5%)
  • A smaller percentage of persons employed in public administration and safety (5.1% compared to 6.9%)

Emerging groups

The number of employed people in Greater Melbourne increased by 216,558 between 2006 and 2011.

The largest changes in the jobs held by the resident population between 2006 and 2011 in Greater Melbourne were for those employed in:

  • Health Care and Social Assistance (+41,768 persons)
  • Construction (+31,687 persons)
  • Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (+31,298 persons)
  • Education and Training (+22,916 persons)

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