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Number of cars per household


This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for all areas. What's this?

Analysis of car ownership in 2016, indicates 52% of households in Victoria had access to two or more motor vehicles, compared to 51% in Australia.

The ability of the population to access services and employment is strongly influenced by access to transport. The number of motor vehicles per household in Victoria quantifies access to private transport and will be influenced by Age Structure and Household Type, which determine the number of adults present; access to Public Transport; distance to shops, services, employment and education; and Household Income. Depending on these factors, car ownership can be seen as a measure of advantage or disadvantage, or a neutral socio-economic measure, which impacts on the environment and quality of life.

Derived from the Census question:

'How many registered motor vehicles owned or used by residents of this dwelling were garaged or parked at or near this dwelling on the night of Tuesday, 9 August 2016?'


Car ownership
Victoria - Households (Enumerated)20162011Change
Number of carsNumber%Australia %Number%Australia %2011 to 2016
No motor vehicles171,2747.67.3168,6528.38.4+2,622
1 motor vehicle732,09932.633.2683,10933.634.8+48,990
2 motor vehicles780,55934.834.1724,61535.734.6+55,944
3 or more motor vehicles376,08916.817.0328,67416.215.7+47,415
Not stated182,2728.18.4126,1516.26.5+56,121

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Car ownership, 2016
Car ownership, 2016 Not stated, Australia: 8.4% 3 or more motor vehicles, Australia: 17.0% 2 motor vehicles, Australia: 34.1% 1 motor vehicle, Australia: 33.2% No motor vehicles, Australia: 7.3% Not stated, Victoria: 8.1% 3 or more motor vehicles, Victoria: 16.8% 2 motor vehicles, Victoria: 34.8% 1 motor vehicle, Victoria: 32.6% No motor vehicles, Victoria: 7.6%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in by .id, the population experts.
Change in car ownership, 2011 to 2016
Change in car ownership, 2011 to 2016 Not stated, Victoria: +56,121 3 or more motor vehicles, Victoria: +47,415 2 motor vehicles, Victoria: +55,944 1 motor vehicle, Victoria: +48,990 No motor vehicles, Victoria: +2,622
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Enumerated data)
Compiled and presented in by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the car ownership of the households in Victoria in 2016 compared to Australia shows that 84.2% of the households owned at least one car, while 7.6% did not, compared with 84.4% and 7.3% respectively in Australia.

Of those that owned at least one vehicle, there was a smaller proportion who owned just one car; a larger proportion who owned two cars; and a similar proportion who owned three cars or more.

Overall, 32.6% of the households owned one car; 34.8% owned two cars; and 16.8% owned three cars or more, compared with 33.2%; 34.1% and 17.0% respectively for Australia.

Emerging groups

The largest changes in the household car ownership in Victoria between 2011 and 2016 were:

  • 2 motor vehicles (+55,944 households)
  • 1 motor vehicle (+48,990 households)
  • 3 or more motor vehicles (+47,415 households)
  • No motor vehicles (+2,622 households)

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