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Western Australia

Birthplace

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This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for all areas. What's this?

In 2016, 17% of people in Western Australia, came from countries where English was not their first language.

Country of Birth data identifies where people were born and is indicative of the level of cultural diversity in Western Australia. The mix of Country of Birth groups is also indicative of historical settlement patterns, as source countries for Australia's immigration program have varied significantly over time.

To get a more complete picture of cultural and ethnic characteristics, Western Australia's Country of Birth data should be viewed together with Ancestry, Language Spoken at Home and Religion.

Please note: Due to changes in ABS rules around perturbation and additivity of data to protect the confidentiality of individuals in 2016, counts of individual birthplace groups and totals derived from them may differ slightly from those published by the ABS. For more information see notes on data confidentiality.

Derived from the Census question:

'In which country was the person born?'

Total population

Birthplace - Ranked by size
Western Australia - Overseas born (Usual residence)20162011Change
BirthplaceNumber%Australia %Number%Australia %2011 to 2016
United Kingdom233,0449.44.6229,89510.35.1+3,149
New Zealand79,2213.22.270,7323.22.2+8,489
India49,3852.01.929,9081.31.4+19,477
South Africa41,0081.70.735,2951.60.7+5,713
Philippines30,8351.21.017,2060.80.8+13,629
Malaysia29,1261.20.624,9231.10.5+4,203
China27,0811.12.216,6300.71.5+10,451
Italy19,2100.80.719,4940.90.9-284
Ireland18,0360.70.314,2910.60.3+3,745
Vietnam15,8450.60.912,7180.60.9+3,127
Singapore14,9870.60.213,9560.60.2+1,031
Zimbabwe11,6490.50.19,7710.40.1+1,878
Indonesia11,3940.50.310,1530.50.3+1,241
Germany10,9580.40.410,9910.50.5-33
United States of America9,3010.40.48,9080.40.4+393
Netherlands9,1330.40.39,9900.40.4-857
Burma (Myanmar)8,7040.40.17,4500.30.1+1,254
Thailand7,8060.30.35,6640.30.2+2,142
Sri Lanka7,7960.30.55,2950.20.4+2,501
South Korea6,8650.30.44,0920.20.3+2,773
Hong Kong6,1290.20.44,7680.20.3+1,361
Iran5,8150.20.23,7250.20.2+2,090
Poland5,5730.20.25,5910.20.2-18
Pakistan5,4370.20.32,5140.10.1+2,923
Canada5,4310.20.25,1700.20.2+261
Kenya5,4210.20.14,3770.20.1+1,044
Afghanistan5,1200.20.23,9350.20.1+1,185
Taiwan4,6700.20.21,7120.10.1+2,958
Mauritius4,6050.20.13,8980.20.1+707
Croatia4,5550.20.25,1220.20.2-567
Japan4,2910.20.23,5370.20.2+754
Serbia / Montenegro (fmr Yugoslavia)3,8900.20.23,8160.20.2+74
France3,8180.20.12,7840.10.1+1,034
Brazil3,4960.10.11,7560.10.1+1,740
Iraq3,4320.10.32,6330.10.2+799
Sudan3,3950.10.13,2130.10.1+182
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia3,0580.10.23,0060.10.2+52
Bosnia and Herzegovina2,6730.10.12,8270.10.1-154
Nepal2,6220.10.29190.00.1+1,703
Bangladesh2,5780.10.21,5180.10.1+1,060
Portugal2,5150.10.12,4450.10.1+70
Zambia2,4040.10.02,1740.10.0+230
Greece2,3070.10.42,6250.10.5-318
Egypt2,2110.10.21,8430.10.2+368
Papua New Guinea2,0310.10.11,7650.10.1+266
Switzerland1,8360.10.11,8570.10.1-21
Romania1,7880.10.11,6070.10.1+181
Russian Federation1,7690.10.11,2100.10.1+559
Colombia1,7040.10.18940.00.1+810
Chile1,6180.10.11,5270.10.1+91
Ethiopia1,6130.10.11,1410.10.0+472
Spain1,3690.10.11,1710.10.1+198
Nigeria1,3390.10.07240.00.0+615
Somalia1,3340.10.01,0570.00.0+277
Fiji1,3280.10.31,0590.00.3+269
Bhutan1,3030.10.01360.00.0+1,167
Austria1,2730.10.11,4070.10.1-134
Cambodia1,2560.10.11,0050.00.1+251
Turkey1,1980.00.11,0440.00.2+154
Saudi Arabia1,1950.00.11,1550.10.0+40
Hungary1,1940.00.11,1860.10.1+8
El Salvador1,1770.00.01,1830.10.0-6
Denmark1,1380.00.01,1880.10.0-50
United Arab Emirates1,1190.00.06870.00.0+432
Lebanon1,0990.00.31,0370.00.4+62
Sweden1,0300.00.09940.00.0+36
Brunei Darussalam9610.00.01,0030.00.0-42
Malta8980.00.29790.00.2-81
Tanzania8700.00.07980.00.0+72
Belgium8100.00.07380.00.0+72
Ghana8010.00.04190.00.0+382
Argentina7680.00.16210.00.1+147
Czech Republic7490.00.06660.00.0+83
Seychelles7430.00.07660.00.0-23
Ukraine7310.00.16640.00.1+67
Congo, Democratic Republic of7110.00.04320.00.0+279
Israel6970.00.07000.00.0-3
Peru6850.00.06060.00.0+79
Uganda6530.00.05490.00.0+104
Syria6060.00.12980.00.0+308
Eritrea5870.00.04570.00.0+130
Liberia5770.00.04950.00.0+82
Kuwait5740.00.03770.00.0+197
Finland5590.00.05240.00.0+35
Norway5530.00.06100.00.0-57
Samoa5380.00.13770.00.1+161
Estonia5180.00.02470.00.0+271
Sierra Leone5040.00.03950.00.0+109
Cyprus4650.00.14750.00.1-10
Cook Islands4640.00.03210.00.0+143
Jordan4490.00.03450.00.0+104
Trinidad and Tobago4320.00.03790.00.0+53
East Timor4190.00.04480.00.0-29
Slovakia3810.00.03380.00.0+43
Namibia3650.00.03110.00.0+54
Mexico3590.00.02700.00.0+89
Bulgaria3550.00.03450.00.0+10
Eastern Europe, nfd3530.00.02940.00.0+59
Libya3420.00.03260.00.0+16
Slovenia3090.00.03070.00.0+2
Botswana2940.00.02140.00.0+80
Latvia2790.00.03740.00.0-95
Tonga2690.00.02090.00.0+60
Laos2300.00.02000.00.0+30
Oman2080.00.02010.00.0+7
Lithuania2040.00.01510.00.0+53
Gaza Strip and West Bank2010.00.02000.00.0+1
Albania1980.00.01320.00.0+66
Uruguay1930.00.01850.00.0+8
Mozambique1870.00.01770.00.0+10
Macau1860.00.01410.00.0+45
Morocco1570.00.01060.00.0+51
Ecuador1080.00.0730.00.0+35
Belarus930.00.0660.00.0+27
Vanuatu520.00.0550.00.0-3
New Caledonia420.00.0410.00.0+1
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Excludes countries with fewer than 20 people, or less than 0.1% of the total population.

Birthplace - Summary
Western Australia - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
BirthplaceNumber%Australia %Number%Australia %2011 to 2016
Total overseas born796,31332.226.3683,36530.524.6+112,948
Non-English speaking backgrounds410,27216.617.9319,07414.215.7+91,198
Main English speaking countries386,04115.68.4364,29116.38.9+21,750
Australia1,492,84260.366.71,411,46863.069.8+81,374
Not stated185,2237.57.0144,3536.45.6+40,870

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Birthplace, 2016
Birthplace, 2016 United Kingdom, Australia: 4.6% New Zealand, Australia: 2.2% India, Australia: 1.9% South Africa, Australia: 0.7% Philippines, Australia: 1.0% Malaysia, Australia: 0.6% China, Australia: 2.2% Italy, Australia: 0.7% Ireland, Australia: 0.3% Vietnam, Australia: 0.9% United Kingdom, Western Australia: 9.4% New Zealand, Western Australia: 3.2% India, Western Australia: 2.0% South Africa, Western Australia: 1.7% Philippines, Western Australia: 1.2% Malaysia, Western Australia: 1.2% China, Western Australia: 1.1% Italy, Western Australia: 0.8% Ireland, Western Australia: 0.7% Vietnam, Western Australia: 0.6%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in birthplace, 2011 to 2016
Change in birthplace, 2011 to 2016 United Kingdom, Western Australia: +3,149 New Zealand, Western Australia: +8,489 India, Western Australia: +19,477 South Africa, Western Australia: +5,713 Philippines, Western Australia: +13,629 Malaysia, Western Australia: +4,203 China, Western Australia: +10,451 Italy, Western Australia: -284 Ireland, Western Australia: +3,745 Vietnam, Western Australia: +3,127
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the country of birth of the population in Western Australia in 2016 compared to Australia shows that there was a larger proportion of people born overseas, and a larger proportion of people from a non-English speaking background.

Overall, 32.2% of the population was born overseas, and 16.6% were from a non-English speaking background, compared with 26.3% and 17.9% respectively for Australia.

The largest non-English speaking country of birth in Western Australia was India, where 2.0% of the population, or 49,385 people, were born.

The major differences between the countries of birth of the population in Western Australia and Australia were:

  • A larger percentage of people born in United Kingdom (9.4% compared to 4.6%)
  • A smaller percentage of people born in China (1.1% compared to 2.2%)

Emerging groups

Between 2011 and 2016, the number of people born overseas increased by 112,948 or 16.5%, and the number of people from a non-English speaking background increased by 91,198 or 28.6%.

The largest changes in birthplace countries of the population in this area between 2011 and 2016 were for those born in:

  • India (+19,477 persons)
  • Philippines (+13,629 persons)
  • China (+10,451 persons)
  • New Zealand (+8,489 persons)

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