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Greater Melbourne

Birthplace

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This topic has been updated with 2016 Census data for all areas. What's this?

In 2016, 27% of people in Greater Melbourne, came from countries where English was not their first language.

Country of Birth data identifies where people were born and is indicative of the level of cultural diversity in Greater Melbourne. The mix of Country of Birth groups is also indicative of historical settlement patterns, as source countries for Australia's immigration program have varied significantly over time.

To get a more complete picture of cultural and ethnic characteristics, Greater Melbourne's Country of Birth data should be viewed together with Ancestry, Language Spoken at Home and Religion.

Please note: Due to changes in ABS rules around perturbation and additivity of data to protect the confidentiality of individuals in 2016, counts of individual birthplace groups and totals derived from them may differ slightly from those published by the ABS. For more information see notes on data confidentiality.

Derived from the Census question:

'In which country was the person born?'

Total population

Birthplace - Ranked by size
Greater Melbourne - Overseas born (Usual residence)20162011Change
BirthplaceNumber%Victoria %Number%Victoria %2011 to 2016
United Kingdom162,9543.63.5165,4874.14.0-2,533
India161,0783.62.9106,5492.72.1+54,529
China155,9983.52.790,9342.31.8+65,064
Vietnam79,0541.81.467,0411.71.3+12,013
New Zealand78,9061.81.667,0761.71.5+11,830
Italy63,3321.41.268,7991.71.4-5,467
Sri Lanka54,0301.20.942,6741.10.8+11,356
Malaysia47,6421.10.838,0591.00.7+9,583
Greece45,6181.00.848,2921.20.9-2,674
Philippines45,1571.00.933,9230.80.7+11,234
South Africa24,1680.50.521,8060.50.5+2,362
Hong Kong20,8400.50.417,5590.40.3+3,281
Germany20,2110.50.421,5010.50.5-1,290
Pakistan20,0330.40.48,7570.20.2+11,276
Iraq17,6860.40.312,0600.30.2+5,626
Indonesia16,9980.40.314,6820.40.3+2,316
United States of America16,7650.40.314,3290.40.3+2,436
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia16,7470.40.317,3780.40.3-631
Lebanon16,3940.40.315,6010.40.3+793
Malta16,2660.40.318,0580.50.4-1,792
Afghanistan16,2610.40.38,9310.20.2+7,330
Iran15,7310.40.36,9580.20.1+8,773
Singapore15,3490.30.313,0210.30.3+2,328
Turkey14,8610.30.315,4910.40.3-630
Serbia / Montenegro (fmr Yugoslavia)14,1260.30.314,7330.40.3-607
South Korea14,0740.30.29,7870.20.2+4,287
Thailand13,9090.30.39,5490.20.2+4,360
Poland13,5810.30.215,1000.40.3-1,519
Ireland13,3290.30.312,3460.30.3+983
Cambodia13,2590.30.211,0890.30.2+2,170
Croatia13,1930.30.314,6450.40.3-1,452
Egypt12,6830.30.211,9110.30.2+772
Netherlands12,6190.30.313,9860.30.4-1,367
Mauritius11,3650.30.211,1910.30.2+174
Fiji10,0890.20.29,0250.20.2+1,064
Burma (Myanmar)9,8830.20.25,0710.10.1+4,812
Nepal8,8800.20.24,1200.10.1+4,760
Taiwan8,6060.20.25,3710.10.1+3,235
Bosnia and Herzegovina7,8970.20.18,5320.20.2-635
Japan7,8720.20.16,2300.20.1+1,642
Sudan7,7130.20.16,3990.20.1+1,314
Canada7,5190.20.26,5160.20.1+1,003
Bangladesh7,4020.20.14,8340.10.1+2,568
Cyprus7,2550.20.17,8510.20.2-596
Chile7,1370.20.16,8640.20.1+273
France6,3770.10.14,9460.10.1+1,431
Ethiopia6,1720.10.14,3280.10.1+1,844
Russian Federation5,9950.10.15,7650.10.1+230
Samoa5,9110.10.13,7750.10.1+2,136
Colombia5,1930.10.12,7670.10.1+2,426
Romania5,0940.10.15,0500.10.1+44
Ukraine5,0340.10.15,4560.10.1-422
East Timor4,8590.10.14,8540.10.1+5
Hungary4,3420.10.14,8020.10.1-460
Israel4,2740.10.13,9570.10.1+317
Saudi Arabia4,2210.10.12,6550.10.1+1,566
Zimbabwe4,0320.10.13,1640.10.1+868
Somalia3,8360.10.13,0220.10.1+814
Argentina3,7800.10.13,4950.10.1+285
Syria3,7700.10.12,2200.10.0+1,550
Brazil3,6120.10.11,8610.00.0+1,751
Kenya3,5330.10.12,6260.10.1+907
Austria3,1580.10.13,6050.10.1-447
El Salvador3,1050.10.13,0780.10.1+27
Spain2,9920.10.12,5860.10.1+406
United Arab Emirates2,6160.10.01,6370.00.0+979
Portugal2,5010.10.02,4480.10.0+53
Laos2,0870.00.02,0820.10.0+5
Switzerland2,0700.00.01,9780.00.0+92
Papua New Guinea2,0200.00.01,9580.00.0+62
Eritrea1,9780.00.01,4940.00.0+484
Cook Islands1,8040.00.01,6050.00.0+199
Slovenia1,7780.00.02,0040.10.0-226
Sweden1,7660.00.01,4350.00.0+331
Kuwait1,6660.00.01,0370.00.0+629
Nigeria1,5940.00.09230.00.0+671
Uruguay1,5280.00.01,5200.00.0+8
Mexico1,3970.00.07840.00.0+613
Albania1,3930.00.01,1370.00.0+256
Czech Republic1,3890.00.01,4450.00.0-56
Peru1,3220.00.01,1170.00.0+205
Tonga1,3070.00.01,0130.00.0+294
Denmark1,2480.00.01,1820.00.0+66
Belgium1,2040.00.01,0610.00.0+143
Latvia1,0060.00.01,2950.00.0-289
Finland9880.00.09960.00.0-8
Libya9840.00.09640.00.0+20
Eastern Europe, nfd9300.00.01,1390.00.0-209
Bulgaria9060.00.07720.00.0+134
Seychelles9020.00.09580.00.0-56
Jordan8630.00.07020.00.0+161
Ghana8580.00.06320.00.0+226
Belarus8040.00.08650.00.0-61
Zambia7350.00.06040.00.0+131
Macau7280.00.06200.00.0+108
Gaza Strip and West Bank7220.00.06480.00.0+74
Brunei Darussalam7140.00.05940.00.0+120
Slovakia6650.00.06620.00.0+3
Liberia6520.00.04600.00.0+192
Lithuania6480.00.07560.00.0-108
Norway6080.00.06310.00.0-23
Uganda6080.00.04410.00.0+167
Oman5550.00.03400.00.0+215
Tanzania5490.00.04680.00.0+81
Morocco5200.00.04410.00.0+79
Congo, Democratic Republic of5020.00.02240.00.0+278
Bhutan4640.00.02730.00.0+191
Sierra Leone3620.00.02860.00.0+76
Estonia3250.00.02780.00.0+47
Ecuador2660.00.0930.00.0+173
Trinidad and Tobago1990.00.01930.00.0+6
Botswana1860.00.02250.00.0-39
Mozambique1610.00.01510.00.0+10
Namibia1450.00.01330.00.0+12
Vanuatu1270.00.01090.00.0+18
New Caledonia1140.00.0860.00.0+28
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Excludes countries with fewer than 20 people, or less than 0.1% of the total population.

Birthplace - Summary
Greater Melbourne - Total persons (Usual residence)20162011Change
BirthplaceNumber%Victoria %Number%Victoria %2011 to 2016
Total overseas born1,515,61433.828.31,257,38831.426.2+258,226
Non-English speaking backgrounds1,211,97327.021.9969,82824.219.5+242,145
Main English speaking countries303,6416.86.3287,5607.26.7+16,081
Australia2,684,07259.864.92,530,76363.368.6+153,309
Not stated285,5266.46.8211,7925.35.2+73,734

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing 2011 and 2016. Compiled and presented by .id , the population experts.

Birthplace, 2016
Birthplace, 2016 United Kingdom, Victoria: 3.5% India, Victoria: 2.9% China, Victoria: 2.7% Vietnam, Victoria: 1.4% New Zealand, Victoria: 1.6% Italy, Victoria: 1.2% Sri Lanka, Victoria: 0.9% Malaysia, Victoria: 0.8% Greece, Victoria: 0.8% Philippines, Victoria: 0.9% United Kingdom, Greater Melbourne: 3.6% India, Greater Melbourne: 3.6% China, Greater Melbourne: 3.5% Vietnam, Greater Melbourne: 1.8% New Zealand, Greater Melbourne: 1.8% Italy, Greater Melbourne: 1.4% Sri Lanka, Greater Melbourne: 1.2% Malaysia, Greater Melbourne: 1.1% Greece, Greater Melbourne: 1.0% Philippines, Greater Melbourne: 1.0%
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.
Change in birthplace, 2011 to 2016
Change in birthplace, 2011 to 2016 United Kingdom, Greater Melbourne: -2,533 India, Greater Melbourne: +54,529 China, Greater Melbourne: +65,064 Vietnam, Greater Melbourne: +12,013 New Zealand, Greater Melbourne: +11,830 Italy, Greater Melbourne: -5,467 Sri Lanka, Greater Melbourne: +11,356 Malaysia, Greater Melbourne: +9,583 Greece, Greater Melbourne: -2,674 Philippines, Greater Melbourne: +11,234
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 2011 and 2016 (Usual residence data)
Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id, the population experts.

Dominant groups

Analysis of the country of birth of the population in Greater Melbourne in 2016 compared to Victoria shows that there was a larger proportion of people born overseas, as well as a larger proportion of people from a non-English speaking background.

Overall, 33.8% of the population was born overseas, and 27.0% were from a non-English speaking background, compared with 28.3% and 21.9% respectively for Victoria.

The largest non-English speaking country of birth in Greater Melbourne was India, where 3.6% of the population, or 161,078 people, were born.

There were no major differences between Greater Melbourne and Victoria in 2016.

Emerging groups

Between 2011 and 2016, the number of people born overseas increased by 258,226 or 20.5%, and the number of people from a non-English speaking background increased by 242,145 or 25.0%.

The largest changes in birthplace countries of the population in this area between 2011 and 2016 were for those born in:

  • China (+65,064 persons)
  • India (+54,529 persons)
  • Vietnam (+12,013 persons)
  • New Zealand (+11,830 persons)

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